Mortality benefits of vigorous air quality improvement interventions during the periods of APEC Blue and Parade Blue in Beijing, China

Hualiang Lin, Tao Liu, Fang Fang, Jianpeng Xiao, Weilin Zeng, Xing Li, Lingchuan Guo, Linwei Tian, Mario Schootman, Katherine A. Stamatakis, Zhengmin Qian, Wenjun Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vigorous air pollution control measures were implemented during the 2014 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and a large-scale military parade (described here as “APEC Blue” and “Parade Blue” periods) in Beijing, China. A natural experiment was conducted in a health impact assessment framework to estimate the number of deaths attributable to PM2.5, using concentration-response functions derived from previous studies conducted in Beijing, combined with the differences in PM2.5 concentrations between intervention and reference periods. Substantial reductions in daily PM2.5 concentrations were observed during both intervention periods. Using the same dates from the prior year as a reference, daily PM2.5 concentration decreased from 98.57 μg/m3 to 47.53 μg/m3 during “APEC Blue”, and from 59.15 μg/m3 to 17.07 μg/m3 during the “Parade Blue”. We estimated that 39–63 all-cause deaths (21–51 cardiovascular, 6–13 respiratory deaths) have been prevented during the APEC period; and 41–65 deaths (22–52 cardiovascular, 6–13 respiratory deaths) have been prevented during the Parade period. This study shows that substantial mortality reductions could be achieved by implementing stringent air pollution mitigation measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-227
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume220
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Quality Improvement
Air quality
China
Air
Air pollution control
Mortality
Air Pollution
Air pollution
Health Impact Assessment
Health
Economics
Cause of Death
Experiments
Beijing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Lin, Hualiang ; Liu, Tao ; Fang, Fang ; Xiao, Jianpeng ; Zeng, Weilin ; Li, Xing ; Guo, Lingchuan ; Tian, Linwei ; Schootman, Mario ; Stamatakis, Katherine A. ; Qian, Zhengmin ; Ma, Wenjun. / Mortality benefits of vigorous air quality improvement interventions during the periods of APEC Blue and Parade Blue in Beijing, China. In: Environmental Pollution. 2017 ; Vol. 220. pp. 222-227.
@article{51e04e002f914080a429835f4b9329f5,
title = "Mortality benefits of vigorous air quality improvement interventions during the periods of APEC Blue and Parade Blue in Beijing, China",
abstract = "Vigorous air pollution control measures were implemented during the 2014 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and a large-scale military parade (described here as “APEC Blue” and “Parade Blue” periods) in Beijing, China. A natural experiment was conducted in a health impact assessment framework to estimate the number of deaths attributable to PM2.5, using concentration-response functions derived from previous studies conducted in Beijing, combined with the differences in PM2.5 concentrations between intervention and reference periods. Substantial reductions in daily PM2.5 concentrations were observed during both intervention periods. Using the same dates from the prior year as a reference, daily PM2.5 concentration decreased from 98.57 μg/m3 to 47.53 μg/m3 during “APEC Blue”, and from 59.15 μg/m3 to 17.07 μg/m3 during the “Parade Blue”. We estimated that 39–63 all-cause deaths (21–51 cardiovascular, 6–13 respiratory deaths) have been prevented during the APEC period; and 41–65 deaths (22–52 cardiovascular, 6–13 respiratory deaths) have been prevented during the Parade period. This study shows that substantial mortality reductions could be achieved by implementing stringent air pollution mitigation measures.",
author = "Hualiang Lin and Tao Liu and Fang Fang and Jianpeng Xiao and Weilin Zeng and Xing Li and Lingchuan Guo and Linwei Tian and Mario Schootman and Stamatakis, {Katherine A.} and Zhengmin Qian and Wenjun Ma",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envpol.2016.09.041",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "220",
pages = "222--227",
journal = "Environmental Pollution",
issn = "0269-7491",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

Mortality benefits of vigorous air quality improvement interventions during the periods of APEC Blue and Parade Blue in Beijing, China. / Lin, Hualiang; Liu, Tao; Fang, Fang; Xiao, Jianpeng; Zeng, Weilin; Li, Xing; Guo, Lingchuan; Tian, Linwei; Schootman, Mario; Stamatakis, Katherine A.; Qian, Zhengmin; Ma, Wenjun.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 220, 01.01.2017, p. 222-227.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mortality benefits of vigorous air quality improvement interventions during the periods of APEC Blue and Parade Blue in Beijing, China

AU - Lin, Hualiang

AU - Liu, Tao

AU - Fang, Fang

AU - Xiao, Jianpeng

AU - Zeng, Weilin

AU - Li, Xing

AU - Guo, Lingchuan

AU - Tian, Linwei

AU - Schootman, Mario

AU - Stamatakis, Katherine A.

AU - Qian, Zhengmin

AU - Ma, Wenjun

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Vigorous air pollution control measures were implemented during the 2014 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and a large-scale military parade (described here as “APEC Blue” and “Parade Blue” periods) in Beijing, China. A natural experiment was conducted in a health impact assessment framework to estimate the number of deaths attributable to PM2.5, using concentration-response functions derived from previous studies conducted in Beijing, combined with the differences in PM2.5 concentrations between intervention and reference periods. Substantial reductions in daily PM2.5 concentrations were observed during both intervention periods. Using the same dates from the prior year as a reference, daily PM2.5 concentration decreased from 98.57 μg/m3 to 47.53 μg/m3 during “APEC Blue”, and from 59.15 μg/m3 to 17.07 μg/m3 during the “Parade Blue”. We estimated that 39–63 all-cause deaths (21–51 cardiovascular, 6–13 respiratory deaths) have been prevented during the APEC period; and 41–65 deaths (22–52 cardiovascular, 6–13 respiratory deaths) have been prevented during the Parade period. This study shows that substantial mortality reductions could be achieved by implementing stringent air pollution mitigation measures.

AB - Vigorous air pollution control measures were implemented during the 2014 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and a large-scale military parade (described here as “APEC Blue” and “Parade Blue” periods) in Beijing, China. A natural experiment was conducted in a health impact assessment framework to estimate the number of deaths attributable to PM2.5, using concentration-response functions derived from previous studies conducted in Beijing, combined with the differences in PM2.5 concentrations between intervention and reference periods. Substantial reductions in daily PM2.5 concentrations were observed during both intervention periods. Using the same dates from the prior year as a reference, daily PM2.5 concentration decreased from 98.57 μg/m3 to 47.53 μg/m3 during “APEC Blue”, and from 59.15 μg/m3 to 17.07 μg/m3 during the “Parade Blue”. We estimated that 39–63 all-cause deaths (21–51 cardiovascular, 6–13 respiratory deaths) have been prevented during the APEC period; and 41–65 deaths (22–52 cardiovascular, 6–13 respiratory deaths) have been prevented during the Parade period. This study shows that substantial mortality reductions could be achieved by implementing stringent air pollution mitigation measures.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84998911145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84998911145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.09.041

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.09.041

M3 - Article

C2 - 27650964

AN - SCOPUS:84998911145

VL - 220

SP - 222

EP - 227

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

ER -