Motion estimation for obstacle detection and avoidance using a single camera for UAVs/robots

Syed Irtiza Ali Shah, Suresh Kannan, Eric Johnson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work focuses on efficient and effective vision systems for object detection for ground & aerial robots venturing into unknown environments, with minimum possible vision aids onboard, i.e. a single camera. The existing approaches to solve such a problem include 'Structures From Motion', Optical Flows and 'Flow Field Divergence', etc. These approaches have been analyzed here for various constraints involved, and the Motion Estimation technique has been proposed to solve for obstacle detection problem for collision avoidance, using a single camera. This technique not only overcomes various constraints of other approaches, but also retains most of their merits. Its implementation on synthetically generated images as well as on some real videos from a UAV, has been proved successful to solve this problem. However, while implementing the technique on UAVs in actual flight, quite a few undesirable motion vectors have been encountered. An analysis of such implementation issues has been presented next, along with proposed solutions. After adequately addressing such issues, the application of this approach is being attempted on any of Georgia Tech's aerial robotic platforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
EventAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference - Toronto, ON, Canada
Duration: Aug 2 2010Aug 5 2010

Publication series

NameAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference

Other

OtherAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference
CountryCanada
CityToronto, ON
Period8/2/108/5/10

Fingerprint

Motion estimation
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)
Vision aids
Cameras
Robots
Antennas
Antenna grounds
Optical flows
Collision avoidance
Flow fields
Robotics
Object detection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Shah, S. I. A., Kannan, S., & Johnson, E. (2010). Motion estimation for obstacle detection and avoidance using a single camera for UAVs/robots. In AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference [AIAA 2010-7569] (AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference). https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2010-7569
Shah, Syed Irtiza Ali ; Kannan, Suresh ; Johnson, Eric. / Motion estimation for obstacle detection and avoidance using a single camera for UAVs/robots. AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference. 2010. (AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference).
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Shah, SIA, Kannan, S & Johnson, E 2010, Motion estimation for obstacle detection and avoidance using a single camera for UAVs/robots. in AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference., AIAA 2010-7569, AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference, AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference, Toronto, ON, Canada, 8/2/10. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2010-7569

Motion estimation for obstacle detection and avoidance using a single camera for UAVs/robots. / Shah, Syed Irtiza Ali; Kannan, Suresh; Johnson, Eric.

AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference. 2010. AIAA 2010-7569 (AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Shah SIA, Kannan S, Johnson E. Motion estimation for obstacle detection and avoidance using a single camera for UAVs/robots. In AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference. 2010. AIAA 2010-7569. (AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference). https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2010-7569