Motivational differences between senior and freshman engineering design students: A multi-institution study

Amanda Bessette, Beshoy Morkos, Shraddha Sangelkar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research paper presents the initial results of a multiinstitute study comparing motivational factors between freshmen and senior mechanical engineering design students. A total of 418 freshman and senior undergraduate mechanical engineering students enrolled at the Florida Institute of Technology and the Pennsylvania State University Erie are studied. To measure motivation we utilize an adaptation of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). The MSLQ examines five factors when measuring motivation and performance. The motivational factors are test anxiety, self-efficacy, and intrinsic value while the performance factors are cognitive value, and self-regulation. Surveys are administered during both the beginning (first two weeks) and end (final two weeks) of the semester. Data is collected from freshmen and seniors through their introduction to engineering and senior design courses, respectively, at both institutes. Statistical analysis compares Likert scale student responses to demographic data. The analysis compares the motivational factors for female versus male, international versus domestic, and senior versus freshman students. Results indicate there is a change in motivational factors as students' progress from freshman to seniors. Most of the changes are positive, such as a decrease in anxiety, increase in self-recognition, and increase in intrinsic value. Moreover, there were differences between Florida Tech and Penn State students as the makeup of both student bodies are different. This paper will compare the results and provide recommendations for improving motivational factors in freshman students to support their engineering studies and persistence in engineering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication18th International Conference on Advanced Vehicle Technologies; 13th International Conference on Design Education; 9th Frontiers in Biomedical Devices
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791850138
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2016 - Charlotte, United States
Duration: Aug 21 2016Aug 24 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume3

Other

OtherASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2016
CountryUnited States
CityCharlotte
Period8/21/168/24/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation

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    Bessette, A., Morkos, B., & Sangelkar, S. (2016). Motivational differences between senior and freshman engineering design students: A multi-institution study. In 18th International Conference on Advanced Vehicle Technologies; 13th International Conference on Design Education; 9th Frontiers in Biomedical Devices (Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference; Vol. 3). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2016-60341