Elevated polyamine content and increased ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity have been associated with neoplastic growth in numerous animal models and human tissues. Antizyme (AZ) is a negative regulator of polyamine metabolism that inhibits ODC activity, stimulates ODC degradation, and suppresses polyamine uptake. Preliminary evidence, obtained from transgenic mice with tissue specific overexpression of AZ indicates that tumor development can be suppressed by AZ. To extend these studies, we have examined the effect of keratin 5 (K5)- or K6-driven AZ transgenes on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)/12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) chemical carcinogenesis of the skin, in promotion-resistant C57BL/6 and promotion-sensitive DBA/2 mice. On both genetic backgrounds, K6-AZ mice showed a reduction in tumor multiplicity, with 85% fewer tumors than wild-type controls on the C57BL/6 background and 50% fewer tumors on the DBA/2 background. K5-AZ mice developed 50% fewer tumors than controls on both backgrounds. The percent of mice with tumors and tumor size were also reduced in the K5-AZ and K6-AZ groups. Tumor and TPA-treated skin sections from K6-AZ mice exhibited the strongest AZ expression, with localization mainly in suprabasal keratinocytes. K6-AZ mice also had slightly reduced cell proliferation rates in tumors and TPA-treated skin. The lack of a more pronounced effect on cell proliferation is probably explained by the observation that AZ staining did not colocalize with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a marker for the proliferative compartment. These studies, demonstrate a tumor-suppressive effect of AZ in C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice, and confirm the importance of ODC and polyamines in tumor development.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research