Purpose: To investigate the relationship between MR image contrast associated with beta-amyloid (Aβ) plaques and their histology and compare the histopathological basis of image contrast and the relaxation mechanism associated with Aβ plaques in human Alzheimer's disease (AD) and transgenic APP/PS1 mouse tissues. Materials and Methods: With the aid of the previously developed histological coil, T 2-weighted images and R 2parametric maps were directly compared with histology stains acquired from the same set of Alzheimer's and APP/PS1 tissue slices. Results: The electron microscopy and histology images re- vealed significant differences in plaque morphology and associated iron concentration between AD and transgenic APP/PS1 mice tissue samples. For AD tissues, T 2 contrast of Aβ-plaques was directly associated with the gradation of iron concentration. Plaques with significantly less iron load in the APP/PS1 animal tissues are equally conspicuous as the human plaques in the MR images. Conclusion: These data suggest a duality in the relaxation mechanism where both high focal iron concentration and highly compact fibrillar beta-amyloid masses cause rapid pro- ton transverse magnetization decay. For human tissues, the former mechanism is likely the dominant source of R2 relax- ation; for APP/PS1 animals, the latter is likely the major cause of increased transverse proton relaxation rate in Aβ plaques. The data presented are essential for understanding the histopathological underpinning of MRI measurement as- sociated with Aβ plaques in humans and animals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging