Mtf2-PRC2 control of canonical Wnt signaling is required for definitive erythropoiesis

Janet L.Manias Rothberg, Harinad B. Maganti, Hani Jrade, Christopher J. Porter, Gareth A. Palidwor, Christopher Cafariello, Hannah L. Battaion, Safwat T. Khan, Theodore J. Perkins, Robert F. Paulson, Caryn Y. Ito, William L. Stanford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) accessory proteins play substoichiometric, tissue-specific roles to recruit PRC2 to specific genomic loci or increase enzymatic activity, while PRC2 core proteins are required for complex stability and global levels of trimethylation of histone 3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3). Here, we demonstrate a role for the classical PRC2 accessory protein Mtf2/Pcl2 in the hematopoietic system that is more akin to that of a core PRC2 protein. Mtf2 -/- erythroid progenitors demonstrate markedly decreased core PRC2 protein levels and a global loss of H3K27me3 at promoter-proximal regions. The resulting de-repression of transcriptional and signaling networks blocks definitive erythroid development, culminating in Mtf2 -/- embryos dying by e15.5 due to severe anemia. Gene regulatory network (GRN) analysis demonstrated Mtf2 directly regulates Wnt signaling in erythroblasts, leading to activated canonical Wnt signaling in Mtf2-deficient erythroblasts, while chemical inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling rescued Mtf2-deficient erythroblast differentiation in vitro. Using a combination of in vitro, in vivo and systems analyses, we demonstrate that Mtf2 is a critical epigenetic regulator of Wnt signaling during erythropoiesis and recast the role of polycomb accessory proteins in a tissue-specific context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number21
JournalCell Discovery
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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    Rothberg, J. L. M., Maganti, H. B., Jrade, H., Porter, C. J., Palidwor, G. A., Cafariello, C., Battaion, H. L., Khan, S. T., Perkins, T. J., Paulson, R. F., Ito, C. Y., & Stanford, W. L. (2018). Mtf2-PRC2 control of canonical Wnt signaling is required for definitive erythropoiesis. Cell Discovery, 4(1), [21]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41421-018-0022-5