Multi-level influence of school norms on tobacco use in South Africa

an ecometric consideration of group differences.

Tamika D. Gilreath, Basile Chaix, Gary King, Stephen Augustus Matthews, Alan J. Flisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tobacco use has been found to be related to contextual-environmental characteristics. This study focuses on the influence of contextual norms on adolescent smoking behavior with consideration of racial differences. Data for this study were derived from the South African Community Epidemiology Network on Drug Use survey. Students (n = 1,277) completed a self-administered questionnaire (available in Afrikaans, Xhosa, and English). School-level aggregate measures were developed from the items: whether they thought smoking was wrong, whether they thought they would be seen as "cool" if they smoked, how many of their closest friends smoked, and whether they had repeated a grade level in school. The results of this analysis revealed that after controlling for demographic characteristics, aggregate measures of importance for ever smoking were whether there were school norms of perceiving that smoking was not wrong, perceiving that smoking was cool, and high prevalence of having friends who smoke. Recent smoking was only predicted by attendance at schools with increased levels of academic failure. Black South Africans were less likely to ever smoke than Coloured or White. This study highlights the saliency of both compositional (academic failure) and ecological (collective perceptions about smoking) characteristics in predicting ever and recent smoking. Collective perceptions of smoking in a predominantly Black school were largely negative. These findings can be used to target school norms regarding tobacco use in Cape Town.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalCancer causes & control : CCC
Volume23 Suppl 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use
South Africa
Smoking
Smoke
Community Networks
Adolescent Behavior
Epidemiology
Demography
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

@article{81f627885ee941ddb1f17e0b634916dc,
title = "Multi-level influence of school norms on tobacco use in South Africa: an ecometric consideration of group differences.",
abstract = "Tobacco use has been found to be related to contextual-environmental characteristics. This study focuses on the influence of contextual norms on adolescent smoking behavior with consideration of racial differences. Data for this study were derived from the South African Community Epidemiology Network on Drug Use survey. Students (n = 1,277) completed a self-administered questionnaire (available in Afrikaans, Xhosa, and English). School-level aggregate measures were developed from the items: whether they thought smoking was wrong, whether they thought they would be seen as {"}cool{"} if they smoked, how many of their closest friends smoked, and whether they had repeated a grade level in school. The results of this analysis revealed that after controlling for demographic characteristics, aggregate measures of importance for ever smoking were whether there were school norms of perceiving that smoking was not wrong, perceiving that smoking was cool, and high prevalence of having friends who smoke. Recent smoking was only predicted by attendance at schools with increased levels of academic failure. Black South Africans were less likely to ever smoke than Coloured or White. This study highlights the saliency of both compositional (academic failure) and ecological (collective perceptions about smoking) characteristics in predicting ever and recent smoking. Collective perceptions of smoking in a predominantly Black school were largely negative. These findings can be used to target school norms regarding tobacco use in Cape Town.",
author = "Gilreath, {Tamika D.} and Basile Chaix and Gary King and Matthews, {Stephen Augustus} and Flisher, {Alan J.}",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10552-012-9908-y",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23 Suppl 1",
pages = "27--36",
journal = "Cancer Causes and Control",
issn = "0957-5243",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

Multi-level influence of school norms on tobacco use in South Africa : an ecometric consideration of group differences. / Gilreath, Tamika D.; Chaix, Basile; King, Gary; Matthews, Stephen Augustus; Flisher, Alan J.

In: Cancer causes & control : CCC, Vol. 23 Suppl 1, 01.01.2012, p. 27-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multi-level influence of school norms on tobacco use in South Africa

T2 - an ecometric consideration of group differences.

AU - Gilreath, Tamika D.

AU - Chaix, Basile

AU - King, Gary

AU - Matthews, Stephen Augustus

AU - Flisher, Alan J.

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Tobacco use has been found to be related to contextual-environmental characteristics. This study focuses on the influence of contextual norms on adolescent smoking behavior with consideration of racial differences. Data for this study were derived from the South African Community Epidemiology Network on Drug Use survey. Students (n = 1,277) completed a self-administered questionnaire (available in Afrikaans, Xhosa, and English). School-level aggregate measures were developed from the items: whether they thought smoking was wrong, whether they thought they would be seen as "cool" if they smoked, how many of their closest friends smoked, and whether they had repeated a grade level in school. The results of this analysis revealed that after controlling for demographic characteristics, aggregate measures of importance for ever smoking were whether there were school norms of perceiving that smoking was not wrong, perceiving that smoking was cool, and high prevalence of having friends who smoke. Recent smoking was only predicted by attendance at schools with increased levels of academic failure. Black South Africans were less likely to ever smoke than Coloured or White. This study highlights the saliency of both compositional (academic failure) and ecological (collective perceptions about smoking) characteristics in predicting ever and recent smoking. Collective perceptions of smoking in a predominantly Black school were largely negative. These findings can be used to target school norms regarding tobacco use in Cape Town.

AB - Tobacco use has been found to be related to contextual-environmental characteristics. This study focuses on the influence of contextual norms on adolescent smoking behavior with consideration of racial differences. Data for this study were derived from the South African Community Epidemiology Network on Drug Use survey. Students (n = 1,277) completed a self-administered questionnaire (available in Afrikaans, Xhosa, and English). School-level aggregate measures were developed from the items: whether they thought smoking was wrong, whether they thought they would be seen as "cool" if they smoked, how many of their closest friends smoked, and whether they had repeated a grade level in school. The results of this analysis revealed that after controlling for demographic characteristics, aggregate measures of importance for ever smoking were whether there were school norms of perceiving that smoking was not wrong, perceiving that smoking was cool, and high prevalence of having friends who smoke. Recent smoking was only predicted by attendance at schools with increased levels of academic failure. Black South Africans were less likely to ever smoke than Coloured or White. This study highlights the saliency of both compositional (academic failure) and ecological (collective perceptions about smoking) characteristics in predicting ever and recent smoking. Collective perceptions of smoking in a predominantly Black school were largely negative. These findings can be used to target school norms regarding tobacco use in Cape Town.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027927912&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85027927912&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10552-012-9908-y

DO - 10.1007/s10552-012-9908-y

M3 - Article

VL - 23 Suppl 1

SP - 27

EP - 36

JO - Cancer Causes and Control

JF - Cancer Causes and Control

SN - 0957-5243

ER -