This study aims at improving the detection of near-surface defects in magnetizable and conductive specimens by combining the measurements of eddy current, magnetic flux leakage and thermography testing. Different signal processing methods for data normalization are proposed to enable data fusion at the pixel level. These methods are applied to a test specimen which contains 10 variably-sized defects. We quantitatively evaluate the performances of a total of 29 detection methods with respect to false alarm reduction at a fixed level of true positive rate. We report that false positive rate could be reduced from 1.65% down to 0.28% by the best multi-sensor method compared to the best single-sensor performance on the smallest defect, when 50% found flaw pixels are required for successful detection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering