Multicenter, randomized trial for stage IIIB or IV non-small-cell lung cancer using weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin followed by maintenance weekly paclitaxel or observation

Chandra P. Belani, John Barstis, Michael C. Perry, Renato V. La Rocca, Sreenivasa R. Nattam, David Rinaldi, Ray Clark, Glenn M. Mills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

198 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To explore the efficacy and safety of three regimens of weekly paclitaxel plus carboplatin as initial therapy and the feasibility of subsequent maintenance therapy versus observation in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and Methods: Four hundred one patients were randomly assigned to one of the following arms: arm 1, paclitaxel 100 mg/m 2 weekly for 3 of 4 weeks with carboplatin (area under the curve [AUC] = 6) on day 1; arm 2, paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 and carboplatin (AUC = 2) weekly for 3 of 4 weeks; or arm 3, paclitaxel 150 mg/m2 cycle 1 and 100 mg/m2 cycle 2 and carboplatin (AUC = 2) weekly for 6 of 8 weeks. Patients who responded (n = 130) at week 16 were randomly assigned to either weekly paclitaxel therapy (70 mg/m2, 3 of 4 weeks; n = 65) or observation (n = 65). Results: For the 390 assessable patients, the objective response rates observed with initial therapy were 32% for arm 1, 24% for arm 2, and 18% for arm 3. The median time to progression and median survival times were 30 and 49 weeks for arm 1, 21 and 31 weeks for arm 2, and 27 and 40 weeks for arm 3, respectively. The 1-year survival rates were 47% for arm 1, 31% for arm 2, and 41% for arm 3. Conclusion: Arm 1, paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 weekly for 3 of 4 weeks with carboplatin (AUC = 6) administered on day 1, demonstrates the most favorable therapeutic index in patients with advanced NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2933-2939
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume21
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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