Multilevel survival analysis: Studying the timing of children's recurring behaviors

Jessica P. Lougheed, Lizbeth Benson, Pamela Marie Cole, Nilam Ram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The timing of events (e.g., how long it takes a child to exhibit a particular behavior) is often of interest in developmental science. Multilevel survival analysis (MSA) is useful for examining behavioral timing in observational studies (i.e., video recordings) of children's behavior. We illustrate how MSA can be used to answer 2 types of research questions. Specifically, using data from a study of 117 children 36 months old (SD = .38) during a frustration task, we examined the timing of their recurring anger expressions, and how this is related to (a) negative affectivity, a dimension of temperament related to the ability to regulate emotions, and (b) children's strategy use (distraction, bids to their mother). Contrary to expectations, negative affectivity was not associated with the timing of children's recurring anger expressions. As expected, children's recurring anger expressions were less likely to occur in the seconds when children were using a distraction strategy, whereas they were more likely when children made bids to their mother. MSA is a flexible analytic technique that, when applied to observational data, can yield valuable insights into the dynamics of children's behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-65
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Multilevel Analysis
Child Behavior
Survival Analysis
Anger
anger
affectivity
Mothers
Video Recording
Aptitude
Frustration
Temperament
video recording
Observational Studies
Emotions
frustration
emotion
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

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Multilevel survival analysis : Studying the timing of children's recurring behaviors. / Lougheed, Jessica P.; Benson, Lizbeth; Cole, Pamela Marie; Ram, Nilam.

In: Developmental psychology, Vol. 55, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 53-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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