Multimodal treatment options, including rotating to buprenorphine, within a multidisciplinary pain clinic for patients on risky opioid regimens: A quality improvement study

Benjamin J. Oldfield, Ellen L. Edens, Alicia Agnoli, Curtis W. Bone, Dana J. Cervone, Sara N. Edmond, Ajay Manhapra, John J. Sellinger, William C. Becker

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Abstract

Objectives. We aimed to evaluate a novel clinical program designed to address unsafe use of opioids prescribed for painthe Opioid Reassessment Clinic (ORC) to inform practice and health system improvement. Design. Controlled, retrospective cohort study. Setting. The ORC is a multidisciplinary clinic in a primary care setting in a Veterans Health Administration hospital designed to perform longitudinal treatment of patients with unsafe use of opioids prescribed for pain, including tapering or rotating to the partial opioid agonist buprenorphine. Subjects. We included patients referred to the ORC from March 1, 2016, to March 1, 2017, who had an intake appointment (intervention group) and who did not (control group). Methods. We compared a priori defined metrics at the patient, clinic process, and health system levels and compared metrics between groups. Results. During the study period, 114 veterans were referred to the ORC, and 71 (62%) of these had an intake appointment. Those in the intervention group were more likely to trial buprenorphine (N=41, 62% vs N=1, 2%, P<0.01) and had greater reductions in their full agonist morphine equivalent daily dose than those in the control group (30mg [interquartile range {IQR} = 0120] vs 0mg [IQR = 020] decrease, P<0.01). Of those engaging in the ORC, 20 (30%) had not transitioned chronic pain management back to their primary care providers (PCPs) by the end of follow-up. Only one patient transitioned the management of buprenorphine to the PCP. Conclusions. Results suggest the ORC was effective in reducing total prescribed opioid doses and in transitioning patients to partial-Agonist therapy, but PCP adoption strategies are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S38-S45
JournalPain Medicine (United States)
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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