The microstructure of Bi2Sr2-xBaxCuOy (0≤x≤0.5) was characterized by transmission-electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. Electron-diffraction analyses reveal that in the Bi-Sr-Cu-O system there also exists a c=12.5 insulating phase with commensurate superstructure with the exception of the c=24 2:2:0:1 phase. However, with the partial substitution of Ba for Sr in this material, the c∼24 2:2:0:1 single phase is obtained, but Ba intercalation reduces the wavelength of modulation of the 2:2:0:1 phase along the b and c directions. Measurement of the superconductivity of the Bi2Sr2-xBaxCuOy samples shows that the appropriate substitution of Ba for Sr (x≤0.2) can raise the Tc of the 2:2:0:1 phase. Tc reaches 20 K for the x=0.2 sample, however, with excessive Ba substitution (x0.2) the metal-to-insulator transition for the 2:2:0:1 phase occurs and the superconductivity of the 2:2:0:1 phase disappears as x exceeds 0.3. In addition, the influence of La and Pb doping on the modulation structure of the 2:2:0:1 phase is also investigated in this article. We discuss the modulation structures of the three substituted systems and the origin of the incommensurate-modulation structure of the Bi-Sr-Cu-O system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics