Multiple Facets of Marine Invertebrate Conservation Genomics

Jose V. Lopez, Bishoy Kamel, Monica Medina, Timothy Collins, Iliana Brigitta Baums

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Conservation genomics aims to preserve the viability of populations and the biodiversity of living organisms. Invertebrate organisms represent 95% of animal biodiversity; however, few genomic resources currently exist for the group. The subset of marine invertebrates includes the most ancient metazoan lineages and possesses codes for unique gene products and possible keys to adaptation. The benefits of supporting invertebrate conservation genomics research (e.g., likely discovery of novel genes, protein regulatory mechanisms, genomic innovations, and transposable elements) outweigh the various hurdles (rare, small, or polymorphic starting materials). Here we review best conservation genomics practices in the laboratory and in silico when applied to marine invertebrates and also showcase unique features in several case studies of acroporid corals, crown-of-thorns starfish, apple snails, and abalone. Marine conservation genomics should also address how diversity can lead to unique marine innovations, the impact of deleterious variation, and how genomic monitoring and profiling could positively affect broader conservation goals (e.g., value of baseline data for in situ/ex situ genomic stocks).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-497
Number of pages25
JournalAnnual Review of Animal Biosciences
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019

Fingerprint

Invertebrates
Genomics
invertebrates
genomics
Biodiversity
Starfish
Anthozoa
DNA Transposable Elements
Snails
Malus
Crowns
Computer Simulation
Ampullariidae
biodiversity
Acanthaster planci
abalone
organisms
regulatory proteins
Research
transposons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Conservation genomics aims to preserve the viability of populations and the biodiversity of living organisms. Invertebrate organisms represent 95{\%} of animal biodiversity; however, few genomic resources currently exist for the group. The subset of marine invertebrates includes the most ancient metazoan lineages and possesses codes for unique gene products and possible keys to adaptation. The benefits of supporting invertebrate conservation genomics research (e.g., likely discovery of novel genes, protein regulatory mechanisms, genomic innovations, and transposable elements) outweigh the various hurdles (rare, small, or polymorphic starting materials). Here we review best conservation genomics practices in the laboratory and in silico when applied to marine invertebrates and also showcase unique features in several case studies of acroporid corals, crown-of-thorns starfish, apple snails, and abalone. Marine conservation genomics should also address how diversity can lead to unique marine innovations, the impact of deleterious variation, and how genomic monitoring and profiling could positively affect broader conservation goals (e.g., value of baseline data for in situ/ex situ genomic stocks).",
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Multiple Facets of Marine Invertebrate Conservation Genomics. / Lopez, Jose V.; Kamel, Bishoy; Medina, Monica; Collins, Timothy; Baums, Iliana Brigitta.

In: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences, Vol. 7, 15.02.2019, p. 473-497.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Multiple Facets of Marine Invertebrate Conservation Genomics

AU - Lopez, Jose V.

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AU - Medina, Monica

AU - Collins, Timothy

AU - Baums, Iliana Brigitta

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