Multiple-kernel learning-based unmixing algorithm for estimation of cloud fractions with MODIS and CloudSat data

Yanfeng Gu, Shizhe Wang, Tao Shi, Yinghui Lu, Eugene E. Clothiaux, Bin Yu

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Detection of clouds in satellite-generated radiance images, including those from MODIS, is an important first step in many applications of these data. In this paper we apply spectral unmixing to this problem with the aim of estimating subpixel cloud fractions, as opposed to identification only of whether or not a pixel radiance contains cloud contributions. We formulate the spectral unmixing approach in terms of multiple-kernel learning (MKL). To this end we propose a MKL-based unmixing algorithm that drives a multiple-kernel description of cloud, enabling estimation of sub-pixel cloud fractions. This approach is based on supervised learning. We generate training and testing samples by using CloudSat and CALIPSO data to compute cloud fractions within individual MODIS pixels. Results of our study on limited data (1875 training and testing MODIS pixels along with their CloudSat and CALIPSO based sub-pixel cloud fractions) show that the proposed algorithm can effectively estimate sub-pixel MODIS cloud fraction and outperforms support vector machine (SVM) in terms of estimation performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages1785-1788
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Event2012 32nd IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2012 - Munich, Germany
Duration: Jul 22 2012Jul 27 2012

Other

Other2012 32nd IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2012
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period7/22/127/27/12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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