Multiple NPY receptors coexist in pre- and postsynaptic sites: Inhibition of GABA release in isolated self-innervating SCN neurons

Gong Chen, Anthony N. Van Den Pol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although NPY has been shown to influence the action of many transmitters in the brain, modulation of GABA, the primary inhibitory transmitter, has not been detected with electrophysiology. Using whole-cell patch-clamp recording, we found that NPY has a large modulatory effect on GABAergic neurons of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) that act as the circadian clock in the mammalian brain. NPY, acting at both Y1- and Y2-like receptors, reduced the frequency of spontaneous miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents while having little effect on the postsynaptic GABA receptors, suggesting a presynaptic mechanism of NPY action. In single self-innervating neurons, application of either Y1 or Y2 agonists to the same neuron significantly inhibited the evoked autaptic GABA release. The use of single-neuron microcultures has allowed the demonstration that a single peptide, NPY, has two different receptors coded for by different genes in the same axon terminal. The Y1 and Y2 agonists also inhibited whole-cell calcium currents when applied to the same neuron, indicating a coexistence of Y1- and Y2-like receptors in the postsynaptic cell body. The self-innervating cell model we use here may be applicable generally for discriminating presynaptic versus postsynaptic actions of other neurotransmitters and neuromodulators and locating their subtype receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7711-7724
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume16
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multiple NPY receptors coexist in pre- and postsynaptic sites: Inhibition of GABA release in isolated self-innervating SCN neurons'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this