Multiscale approaches for studying energy transduction in dynein

Adrian W.R. Serohijos, Denis Tsygankov, Shubin Liu, Timothy C. Elston, Nikolay Dokholyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytoplasmic dynein is an important motor that drives all minus-end directed movement along microtubules. Dynein is a complex motor whose processive motion is driven by ATP-hydrolysis. Dynein's run length has been measured to be several millimetres with typical velocities in the order of a few nanometres per second. Therefore, the average time between steps is a fraction of a second. When this time scale is compared with typical time scales for protein side chain and backbone movements (∼10-9 s and ∼10-5 s, respectively), it becomes clear that a multi-timescale modelling approach is required to understand energy transduction in this protein. Here, we review recent efforts to use computational and mathematical modelling to understand various aspects of dynein's chemomechanical cycle. First, we describe a structural model of dynein's motor unit showing a heptameric organization of the motor subunits. Second, we describe our molecular dynamics simulations of the motor unit that are used to investigate the dynamics of the various motor domains. Third, we present a kinetic model of the coordination between the two dynein heads. Lastly, we investigate the various potential geometries of the dimer during its hydrolytic and stepping cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4840-4850
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume11
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2009

Fingerprint

Dyneins
energy
Cytoplasmic Dyneins
proteins
cycles
adenosine triphosphate
Dimers
hydrolysis
Molecular dynamics
Hydrolysis
Proteins
Adenosine Triphosphate
dimers
molecular dynamics
Kinetics
Geometry
Computer simulation
kinetics
geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Serohijos, Adrian W.R. ; Tsygankov, Denis ; Liu, Shubin ; Elston, Timothy C. ; Dokholyan, Nikolay. / Multiscale approaches for studying energy transduction in dynein. In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2009 ; Vol. 11, No. 24. pp. 4840-4850.
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Multiscale approaches for studying energy transduction in dynein. / Serohijos, Adrian W.R.; Tsygankov, Denis; Liu, Shubin; Elston, Timothy C.; Dokholyan, Nikolay.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 11, No. 24, 31.08.2009, p. 4840-4850.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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