Multisite campaign on the open cluster M67 - II. Evidence for solar-like oscillations in red giant stars

D. Stello, H. Bruntt, H. Kjeldsen, T. R. Bedding, T. Arentoft, R. L. Gilliland, J. Nuspl, S. L. Kim, Y. B. Kang, J. R. Koo, J. A. Lee, C. Sterken, C. U. Lee, H. R. Jensen, A. P. Jacob, R. Szabó, S. Frandsen, Z. Csubry, Z. E. Dind, M. Y. BouzidT. H. Dall, L. L. Kiss

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ABSTRACT Measuring solar-like oscillations in an ensemble of stars in a cluster, holds promise for testing stellar structure and evolution more stringently than just fitting parameters to single field stars. The most-ambitious attempt to pursue these prospects was by Gilliland et al. who targeted 11 turn-off stars in the open cluster M67 (NGC 2682), but the oscillation amplitudes were too small (<20 μmag) to obtain unambiguous detections. Like Gilliland et al. we also aim at detecting solar-like oscillations in M67, but we target red giant stars with expected amplitudes in the range 50- and periods of 1 to 8 h. We analyse our recently published photometry measurements, obtained during a six-week multisite campaign using nine telescopes around the world. The observations are compared with simulations and with estimated properties of the stellar oscillations. Noise levels in the Fourier spectra as low as are obtained for single sites, while the combined data reach, making this the best photometric time series of an ensemble of red giant stars. These data enable us to make the first test of the scaling relations (used to estimate frequency and amplitude) with an homogeneous ensemble of stars. The detected excess power is consistent with the expected signal from stellar oscillations, both in terms of its frequency range and amplitude. However, our results are limited by apparent high levels of non-white noise, which cannot be clearly separated from the stellar signal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-594
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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