The low resolution of infrared (IR) images makes feature extraction for classification of a challenging work. Learning-based methods, therefore, are preferred to be used on such raw imagery. In this article, in order to avoid difficulties in feature extraction, a novel multitask extension of the widely used sparse-representation-classification (SRC) method is proposed in both single and multiview set-ups. That is, the test sample could be a single IR image or images from different views. In both single-view and multiview scenarios, we try to employ collaborative spike and slab priors. This is because the traditional sparsity-inducing measures such as the l0-row pseudonorm makes it hard to capture the sparse structure of the coefficient matrix when expanded in terms of a training dictionary, and the priors are proved to be able to capture fairly general sparse structures. Furthermore, a joint prior and sparse coefficient estimation method (JPCEM) is proposed for the first time in this article in order to alleviate the need to handpick prior parameters required before classification. Multiple experiments are conducted on a synthetic Comanche Forward Looking IR (FLIR) Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) database collected by Army Research Lab and a challenging mid-wave IR (MWIR) image ATR database made available by the U.S. Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate. The final results substantiate the merits of the proposed JPCEM through comparisons with other state-of-the-art methods, including both the ones based on SRC and the ones constructed using deep learning frameworks.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|State||Published - Oct 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)