Murine Neuroblastoma Cells Express Ganglioside Binding Sites on Their Cell Surface

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Abstract

Abstract: The ability of S20Y cholinergic, and N115 adrenergic, murine neuroblastoma cells to adhere to immobilized gangliosides was studied. Viable S20Y cells adhered more strongly to GM1‐coated plastic wells than to those coated with GM2, GD1a, or GT1b. The oligosaccharide portion of GM1 inhibited adherence of S20Y cells to GM1‐coated wells, indicating that the carbohydrate moiety of GM1 bore the recognition site. Analysis of S20Y cell adherence to wells coated with derivatives of GM1 indicated that the cells did not adhere to asialo‐GM1 and adherence to the methyl ester or de‐N‐acetyl derivatives was significantly reduced. Expression of the GM1 binding sites by S20Y cells appears to be density dependent; cells harvested at the confluent stage of growth were more adherent than those harvested at the preconfluent stage. Trypsin treatment of the S20Y and N115 cells resulted in a loss of binding to GM1‐coated wells, suggesting that the cell surface GM1 binding site is a protein. In contrast, N115 cells showed no significant difference in their adherence to wells coated with GM1, GD1a, GT1b, Gal‐Cer, asialo‐GM1, or the methyl ester of GM1 when assayed under the same conditions as those imposed on the S20Y cells. The N115 cells did show a reduction in adherence to GM2‐coated wells, suggesting that they recognized the terminal galactosyl moiety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1791-1797
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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