Endothelial cells (ECs) express VE-cadherin and N-cadherin, and recent data suggest that VE-cadherin levels are dependent on N-cadherin expression. While investigating changes in N-cadherin levels during endothelial monolayer maturation, the authors found that VE-cadherin levels are maintained in ECs despite a decrease in N-cadherin, suggesting that VE-cadherin levels may not depend on N-cadherin. Knockdown of N-cadherin did not affect VE-cadherin levels in ECs with low endogenous N-cadherin expression. Surprisingly, however, knockdown of N-cadherin in ECs with high endogenous N-cadherin expression increased VE-cadherin levels, suggesting an inverse relationship between the two. This was further supported by a decrease in VE-cadherin following overexpression of N-cadherin. Experiments in which p120, a catenin that binds N- and VE-cadherin, was knocked down or overexpressed indicate that these two cadherins compete for p120. These data demonstrate that VE-cadherin levels are not directly related to N-cadherin levels but may be inversely related due to competition for p120.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology