Nano-analysis Reveals High Fraction of Serotonin Release during Exocytosis from a Gut Epithelium Model Cell

Ying Wang, Chaoyi Gu, Bhavik Anil Patel, Andrew G. Ewing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrochemical methods were used to explore the exocytotic nature of serotonin (5-HT) release in human carcinoid BON cells, an in vitro human enterochromaffin cell model, to understand the mechanisms operating the release of gut-derived 5-HT in the intestinal mucosal epithelium. We show that the fractional vesicular 5-HT release in BON cells is 80 % compared to previous work in pancreatic beta cells (34 %). The fractional release increased from 80 % in control BON cells to 87 % with 5-HT preincubation and nearly 100 % with the combination of 5-HT and the 5-HT4 autoreceptor agonist, cisapride. Thus, partial release is the primary mechanism of exocytosis in BON cells, resulting in a variable amount of the vesicular content being released. Factors that control secretion of 5-HT from enterochromaffin cells or BON cells are important as partial release provides a mechanism for development of effective therapeutic strategies to treat gastrointestinal diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23552-23556
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume60
Issue number44
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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