The nanoindentation hardnesses and stacking fault energies (SFE) for pure and alloyed Au are determined from classical molecular dynamics simulations. Rather than a traditional force-displacement dependence that is examined in many previous nanoindentation works, we analyze the hardness vs. force in this study, which shows features that allow us to distinguish defect nucleation processes from hardening processes. During nanoindentation, homogeneously nucleated defects interact to form V-shape lock structures, and finally form four-sided dislocations that are continuously released into the bulk, in a manner similar to the heterogeneous Frank-Read dislocation generation mechanism. Hardness in the alloy system is predicted to be critically controlled by the ease and frequency of nucleation of new defects. Consistent with previous simulation results, the difference of the unstable and stable SFE, rather than the stable SFE along, is found to be closely related to this nucleation process, and thus to hardness.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering