Nanoparticle architecture preserves magnetic properties during coating to enable robust multi-modal functionality

Lauren E. Woodard, Cindi L. Dennis, Julie A. Borchers, Anilchandra Attaluri, Esteban Velarde, Charlene Dawidczyk, Peter C. Searson, Martin G. Pomper, Robert Ivkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MIONs) have established a niche as a nanomedicine platform for diagnosis and therapy, but they present a challenging surface for ligand functionalization which limits their applications. On the other hand, coating MIONs with another material such as gold to enhance these attachments introduces other complications. Incomplete coating may expose portions of the iron oxide core, or the coating process may alter their magnetic properties. We describe synthesis and characterization of iron oxide/silica/gold core-shell nanoparticles to elucidate the effects of a silica-gold coating process and its impact on the resulting performance. In particular, small angle neutron scattering reveals silica intercalates between iron oxide crystallites that form the dense core, likely preserving the magnetic properties while enabling formation of a continuous gold shell. The synthesized silica-gold-coated MIONs demonstrate magnetic heating properties consistent with the original iron oxide core, with added x-ray contrast for imaging and laser heating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12706
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Nanoparticles
Gold
Silicon Dioxide
Heating
Small Angle Scattering
Nanomedicine
Neutrons
ferric oxide
Lasers
X-Rays
Ligands

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Woodard, Lauren E. ; Dennis, Cindi L. ; Borchers, Julie A. ; Attaluri, Anilchandra ; Velarde, Esteban ; Dawidczyk, Charlene ; Searson, Peter C. ; Pomper, Martin G. ; Ivkov, Robert. / Nanoparticle architecture preserves magnetic properties during coating to enable robust multi-modal functionality. In: Scientific reports. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 1.
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abstract = "Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MIONs) have established a niche as a nanomedicine platform for diagnosis and therapy, but they present a challenging surface for ligand functionalization which limits their applications. On the other hand, coating MIONs with another material such as gold to enhance these attachments introduces other complications. Incomplete coating may expose portions of the iron oxide core, or the coating process may alter their magnetic properties. We describe synthesis and characterization of iron oxide/silica/gold core-shell nanoparticles to elucidate the effects of a silica-gold coating process and its impact on the resulting performance. In particular, small angle neutron scattering reveals silica intercalates between iron oxide crystallites that form the dense core, likely preserving the magnetic properties while enabling formation of a continuous gold shell. The synthesized silica-gold-coated MIONs demonstrate magnetic heating properties consistent with the original iron oxide core, with added x-ray contrast for imaging and laser heating.",
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Woodard, LE, Dennis, CL, Borchers, JA, Attaluri, A, Velarde, E, Dawidczyk, C, Searson, PC, Pomper, MG & Ivkov, R 2018, 'Nanoparticle architecture preserves magnetic properties during coating to enable robust multi-modal functionality', Scientific reports, vol. 8, no. 1, 12706. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-29711-0

Nanoparticle architecture preserves magnetic properties during coating to enable robust multi-modal functionality. / Woodard, Lauren E.; Dennis, Cindi L.; Borchers, Julie A.; Attaluri, Anilchandra; Velarde, Esteban; Dawidczyk, Charlene; Searson, Peter C.; Pomper, Martin G.; Ivkov, Robert.

In: Scientific reports, Vol. 8, No. 1, 12706, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Dennis, Cindi L.

AU - Borchers, Julie A.

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AU - Velarde, Esteban

AU - Dawidczyk, Charlene

AU - Searson, Peter C.

AU - Pomper, Martin G.

AU - Ivkov, Robert

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