From transmission electron microscopy studies on several complex lead perovskite compounds Pb(B'B'')O3, and their solid solutions a classification can be obtained based on B-cation order. This classification divides the complex lead perovskites into three subgroups; random occupation or disordered, nanoscale or short coherent long-range order and long coherent long-range order of B-site cations. A correlation between the nanoscale B-site order and relaxor on glassy ferroelectric behavior is found in these lead perovskites. An hypothesis is suggested which relates 0-3 polar connectivity to 0-3 order-disorder connectivity. This hypothesis is discussed with relation to present theories [G. A. Smolenskii: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1970) Suppl., p. 26, L. E. Cross: Ferroelectrics 76 (1987) 241, T. L. Renieke and K. L. Ngai: Solid State Commun. 18 (1973) 1543] and reported experimental results of the perovskite relaxor ferroelectrics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)