Nanostructure as a paradigm for describing carbon structure, interpreting its reactivity and quantifying its transformations

Randy Lee Vander Wal, Joseph P. Abrahamson, Madhu Singh, Chethan K. Gaddam, Kuen Yehliu, Chung Hsuan Huang

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Combustion produced soot is highly variable with details as dependent upon Nanostructure - structure on the nanoscale has always existed. Yet recognition of its importance in governing carbon's chemical reactivity is comparatively recent. Nanostructure is generally described by the parameters of lamellae length, curvature (or tortuosity) and separation distance, measured perpendicular to the graphene segments. High resolution microscopy is necessary to access these scales with image analysis algorithms used to extract the spatial metrics. Aided by automated processing codes, distributions of each metric can be accumulated for their statistical description. Since 2004, nanostructure as a subject has appeared in more than two dozen papers. These studies have addressed nanostructure a) characterization, b) impact upon (carbon) oxidation, c) dependence upon molecular precursor and d) dependence upon combustion (i.e. formation) conditions, along with other related studies. Moreover nanostructure is not immutable. Partial oxidation, electron-beam exposure and high temperature treatment can change each metric. The construct of nanostructure provides a path for quantification of these changes. Therein nanostructure is a broadly applicable paradigm for description of carbon structure and its physical changes. This presentation will provide a brief review of nanostructure in these contexts. Future needs will be suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting - College Park, United States
Duration: Apr 23 2017Apr 26 2017

Other

Other10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityCollege Park
Period4/23/174/26/17

Fingerprint

Nanostructures
Carbon
reactivity
carbon
oxidation
soot
lamella
image analysis
graphene
curvature
electron beams
microscopy
high resolution
Soot
Oxidation
Chemical reactivity
Graphite
Graphene
Image analysis
Electron beams

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Vander Wal, R. L., Abrahamson, J. P., Singh, M., Gaddam, C. K., Yehliu, K., & Huang, C. H. (2017). Nanostructure as a paradigm for describing carbon structure, interpreting its reactivity and quantifying its transformations. Paper presented at 10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, College Park, United States.
Vander Wal, Randy Lee ; Abrahamson, Joseph P. ; Singh, Madhu ; Gaddam, Chethan K. ; Yehliu, Kuen ; Huang, Chung Hsuan. / Nanostructure as a paradigm for describing carbon structure, interpreting its reactivity and quantifying its transformations. Paper presented at 10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, College Park, United States.
@conference{39e3d83a6f7a443792cbb0697d1c2490,
title = "Nanostructure as a paradigm for describing carbon structure, interpreting its reactivity and quantifying its transformations",
abstract = "Combustion produced soot is highly variable with details as dependent upon Nanostructure - structure on the nanoscale has always existed. Yet recognition of its importance in governing carbon's chemical reactivity is comparatively recent. Nanostructure is generally described by the parameters of lamellae length, curvature (or tortuosity) and separation distance, measured perpendicular to the graphene segments. High resolution microscopy is necessary to access these scales with image analysis algorithms used to extract the spatial metrics. Aided by automated processing codes, distributions of each metric can be accumulated for their statistical description. Since 2004, nanostructure as a subject has appeared in more than two dozen papers. These studies have addressed nanostructure a) characterization, b) impact upon (carbon) oxidation, c) dependence upon molecular precursor and d) dependence upon combustion (i.e. formation) conditions, along with other related studies. Moreover nanostructure is not immutable. Partial oxidation, electron-beam exposure and high temperature treatment can change each metric. The construct of nanostructure provides a path for quantification of these changes. Therein nanostructure is a broadly applicable paradigm for description of carbon structure and its physical changes. This presentation will provide a brief review of nanostructure in these contexts. Future needs will be suggested.",
author = "{Vander Wal}, {Randy Lee} and Abrahamson, {Joseph P.} and Madhu Singh and Gaddam, {Chethan K.} and Kuen Yehliu and Huang, {Chung Hsuan}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
note = "10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting ; Conference date: 23-04-2017 Through 26-04-2017",

}

Vander Wal, RL, Abrahamson, JP, Singh, M, Gaddam, CK, Yehliu, K & Huang, CH 2017, 'Nanostructure as a paradigm for describing carbon structure, interpreting its reactivity and quantifying its transformations' Paper presented at 10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, College Park, United States, 4/23/17 - 4/26/17, .

Nanostructure as a paradigm for describing carbon structure, interpreting its reactivity and quantifying its transformations. / Vander Wal, Randy Lee; Abrahamson, Joseph P.; Singh, Madhu; Gaddam, Chethan K.; Yehliu, Kuen; Huang, Chung Hsuan.

2017. Paper presented at 10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, College Park, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Nanostructure as a paradigm for describing carbon structure, interpreting its reactivity and quantifying its transformations

AU - Vander Wal, Randy Lee

AU - Abrahamson, Joseph P.

AU - Singh, Madhu

AU - Gaddam, Chethan K.

AU - Yehliu, Kuen

AU - Huang, Chung Hsuan

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Combustion produced soot is highly variable with details as dependent upon Nanostructure - structure on the nanoscale has always existed. Yet recognition of its importance in governing carbon's chemical reactivity is comparatively recent. Nanostructure is generally described by the parameters of lamellae length, curvature (or tortuosity) and separation distance, measured perpendicular to the graphene segments. High resolution microscopy is necessary to access these scales with image analysis algorithms used to extract the spatial metrics. Aided by automated processing codes, distributions of each metric can be accumulated for their statistical description. Since 2004, nanostructure as a subject has appeared in more than two dozen papers. These studies have addressed nanostructure a) characterization, b) impact upon (carbon) oxidation, c) dependence upon molecular precursor and d) dependence upon combustion (i.e. formation) conditions, along with other related studies. Moreover nanostructure is not immutable. Partial oxidation, electron-beam exposure and high temperature treatment can change each metric. The construct of nanostructure provides a path for quantification of these changes. Therein nanostructure is a broadly applicable paradigm for description of carbon structure and its physical changes. This presentation will provide a brief review of nanostructure in these contexts. Future needs will be suggested.

AB - Combustion produced soot is highly variable with details as dependent upon Nanostructure - structure on the nanoscale has always existed. Yet recognition of its importance in governing carbon's chemical reactivity is comparatively recent. Nanostructure is generally described by the parameters of lamellae length, curvature (or tortuosity) and separation distance, measured perpendicular to the graphene segments. High resolution microscopy is necessary to access these scales with image analysis algorithms used to extract the spatial metrics. Aided by automated processing codes, distributions of each metric can be accumulated for their statistical description. Since 2004, nanostructure as a subject has appeared in more than two dozen papers. These studies have addressed nanostructure a) characterization, b) impact upon (carbon) oxidation, c) dependence upon molecular precursor and d) dependence upon combustion (i.e. formation) conditions, along with other related studies. Moreover nanostructure is not immutable. Partial oxidation, electron-beam exposure and high temperature treatment can change each metric. The construct of nanostructure provides a path for quantification of these changes. Therein nanostructure is a broadly applicable paradigm for description of carbon structure and its physical changes. This presentation will provide a brief review of nanostructure in these contexts. Future needs will be suggested.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049118293&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85049118293&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Paper

AN - SCOPUS:85049118293

ER -

Vander Wal RL, Abrahamson JP, Singh M, Gaddam CK, Yehliu K, Huang CH. Nanostructure as a paradigm for describing carbon structure, interpreting its reactivity and quantifying its transformations. 2017. Paper presented at 10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, College Park, United States.