Nanotwinning and amorphization of boron suboxide

Cody Kunka, Qi An, Nicholas Rudawski, Ghatu Subhash, James Zheng, Virginia Halls, Jogender Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, researchers discovered that in contrast to isolated twins, periodic twins with nanoscale spacing can dramatically improve mechanical properties. Ceramics engineers now seek to incorporate this “nanotwinning” into icosahedral solids because of their high strength, high stability, and low mass density. In this manuscript, we assert that boron suboxide, while far less studied than boron carbide (i.e., the most popular icosahedral solid), possesses higher propensity for nanotwinning and higher theoretical promise. For boron suboxide, the influence of processing on twin spacing is explored through mechanical testing and transmission electron microscopy. Quantum-mechanical simulations are then performed to suggest a critical twin spacing that would maximize performance and to show how to track experimental nanotwinning with x-ray diffraction. Finally, transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy show that amorphization, the localized loss of crystallinity, drives mechanical failure in ways unique to boron suboxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalActa Materialia
Volume147
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Fingerprint

Boron
Amorphization
Transmission electron microscopy
Mechanical drives
Boron carbide
Mechanical testing
Raman spectroscopy
Diffraction
Engineers
X rays
Mechanical properties
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Kunka, C., An, Q., Rudawski, N., Subhash, G., Zheng, J., Halls, V., & Singh, J. (2018). Nanotwinning and amorphization of boron suboxide. Acta Materialia, 147, 195-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2018.01.048
Kunka, Cody ; An, Qi ; Rudawski, Nicholas ; Subhash, Ghatu ; Zheng, James ; Halls, Virginia ; Singh, Jogender. / Nanotwinning and amorphization of boron suboxide. In: Acta Materialia. 2018 ; Vol. 147. pp. 195-202.
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Kunka, C, An, Q, Rudawski, N, Subhash, G, Zheng, J, Halls, V & Singh, J 2018, 'Nanotwinning and amorphization of boron suboxide', Acta Materialia, vol. 147, pp. 195-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2018.01.048

Nanotwinning and amorphization of boron suboxide. / Kunka, Cody; An, Qi; Rudawski, Nicholas; Subhash, Ghatu; Zheng, James; Halls, Virginia; Singh, Jogender.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 147, 01.04.2018, p. 195-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Kunka C, An Q, Rudawski N, Subhash G, Zheng J, Halls V et al. Nanotwinning and amorphization of boron suboxide. Acta Materialia. 2018 Apr 1;147:195-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2018.01.048