Most human breast tumors start as estrogen-dependent, but during the course of the disease become refractory to hormone therapy. The transition of breast tumors from estrogen dependent to independent behavior may be regulated by autocrine and/or paracrine growth factor(s) that are independent of the estrogen receptor (ER). We have investigated the role(s) of NDF (neu- differentiation factor) in the biology of estrogen positive breast cancer cells by using MCF-7 cells as a model system. Treatment of MCF-7 cells with human recombinant NDF-β2 (NDF) inhibited the ER expression by 70% and this was associated with growth stimulation in an estrogen-independent manner. To explore the mechanism(s) of action of NDF in MCF-7 cells, we examined the expression of NDF-inducible gene products. We report here that NDF stimulated the levels of expression of a 46 kD protein (p46) (in addition to few minor proteins) in ER positive breast cancer cells including MCF-7, T-47-D, and ZR- 75-R cells but not in ER negative breast cancer cells including MDA-231, SK- BR-3, and MDA-468 cells. This effect of NDF was due to induction in the rate of synthesis of new p46. The observed NDF-mediated induction of p46 expression was specific as there was no such effect by epidermal growth factor or 17-β-estradiol, and inclusion of actinomycin D partially inhibited the p46 induction elicited by NDF. NDF-inducible stimulation of p46 expression was an early event (2-6 h) which preceded the period of down- regulation of ER expression by NDF. These results support the existence of NDF-responsive specific cellular pathway(s) that may regulate ER, and these interactions could play a role(s) in hormone-independence of ER positive breast cancer cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of cellular biochemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology