Near- and supercritical ethanol treatment of biocrude from hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae

Le Yang, Yongdan Li, Phillip E. Savage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biocrude produced from algae by hydrothermal liquefaction was treated with near- and supercritical ethanol and ethanol-water mixtures at 210-290 °C for 0.5-4 h. Longer reaction times and higher temperatures better promoted esterification reactions. Dilution of the ethanol with water led to lower yields of treated biocrude and reduced ester content. The viscosity of treated biocrude was an order of magnitude lower than that of the crude bio-oil, and the treated biocrude exhibited the characteristics of a Newtonian fluid. Overall, treatment of biocrude with near- and supercritical ethanol generated a treated bio-oil with lower viscosity, more ester content, and in nearly 100 wt% yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-782
Number of pages4
JournalBioresource technology
Volume211
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Liquefaction
liquefaction
ethanol
Ethanol
ester
Esters
Oils
viscosity
Viscosity
Newtonian fluid
Water
oil
Esterification
Algae
Dilution
dilution
alga
water
Fluids
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

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abstract = "Biocrude produced from algae by hydrothermal liquefaction was treated with near- and supercritical ethanol and ethanol-water mixtures at 210-290 °C for 0.5-4 h. Longer reaction times and higher temperatures better promoted esterification reactions. Dilution of the ethanol with water led to lower yields of treated biocrude and reduced ester content. The viscosity of treated biocrude was an order of magnitude lower than that of the crude bio-oil, and the treated biocrude exhibited the characteristics of a Newtonian fluid. Overall, treatment of biocrude with near- and supercritical ethanol generated a treated bio-oil with lower viscosity, more ester content, and in nearly 100 wt{\%} yield.",
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Near- and supercritical ethanol treatment of biocrude from hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae. / Yang, Le; Li, Yongdan; Savage, Phillip E.

In: Bioresource technology, Vol. 211, 01.07.2016, p. 779-782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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