Near-infrared and optical limits for the central X-ray point source in the cassiopeia a supernova remnant

R. A. Fesen, G. G. Pavlov, D. Sanwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We set new near-infrared and optical magnitude limits for the central X-ray point source (XPS) in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant based on HST images. Near-infrared images of the center of Cas A taken with the NICMOS 2 camera in combination with the F110W and F160W filters (∼ J and H bands) have magnitude limits ≥26.2 and ≥24.6, respectively. These images reveal no sources within a 1″.2 radius (corresponding to a 99% confidence limit) of the Chandra XPS position. The NICMOS data, taken together with broadband optical magnitude limits (R ∼ 28 mag) obtained from a deep STIS CCD exposure taken with a clear filter (50CCD), indicate that the XPS luminosities are very low in the optical/NIR bands (e.g., LH < 3 × 1029 ergs s-1) with no optical, J-, or H-band counterpart to the XPS easily detectable by HST. The closest detected object lies 1″.8 from the XPS's nominal coordinates, with magnitudes R = 25.7, mF110W = 21.9, and mF100W = 20.6, and is a foreground, late-type star as suggested by Kaplan, Kulkarni, and Murray. We discuss the nature of the Cas A central compact object on the basis of these near-infrared and optical flux limits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)848-858
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume636
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2006

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supernova remnants
point sources
point source
near infrared
x rays
Cassiopeia A
filter
filters
confidence limits
erg
X-ray spectroscopy
charge coupled devices
cameras
luminosity
broadband
stars
radii

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Near-infrared and optical limits for the central X-ray point source in the cassiopeia a supernova remnant",
abstract = "We set new near-infrared and optical magnitude limits for the central X-ray point source (XPS) in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant based on HST images. Near-infrared images of the center of Cas A taken with the NICMOS 2 camera in combination with the F110W and F160W filters (∼ J and H bands) have magnitude limits ≥26.2 and ≥24.6, respectively. These images reveal no sources within a 1″.2 radius (corresponding to a 99{\%} confidence limit) of the Chandra XPS position. The NICMOS data, taken together with broadband optical magnitude limits (R ∼ 28 mag) obtained from a deep STIS CCD exposure taken with a clear filter (50CCD), indicate that the XPS luminosities are very low in the optical/NIR bands (e.g., LH < 3 × 1029 ergs s-1) with no optical, J-, or H-band counterpart to the XPS easily detectable by HST. The closest detected object lies 1″.8 from the XPS's nominal coordinates, with magnitudes R = 25.7, mF110W = 21.9, and mF100W = 20.6, and is a foreground, late-type star as suggested by Kaplan, Kulkarni, and Murray. We discuss the nature of the Cas A central compact object on the basis of these near-infrared and optical flux limits.",
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Near-infrared and optical limits for the central X-ray point source in the cassiopeia a supernova remnant. / Fesen, R. A.; Pavlov, G. G.; Sanwal, D.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 636, No. 2 I, 10.01.2006, p. 848-858.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We set new near-infrared and optical magnitude limits for the central X-ray point source (XPS) in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant based on HST images. Near-infrared images of the center of Cas A taken with the NICMOS 2 camera in combination with the F110W and F160W filters (∼ J and H bands) have magnitude limits ≥26.2 and ≥24.6, respectively. These images reveal no sources within a 1″.2 radius (corresponding to a 99% confidence limit) of the Chandra XPS position. The NICMOS data, taken together with broadband optical magnitude limits (R ∼ 28 mag) obtained from a deep STIS CCD exposure taken with a clear filter (50CCD), indicate that the XPS luminosities are very low in the optical/NIR bands (e.g., LH < 3 × 1029 ergs s-1) with no optical, J-, or H-band counterpart to the XPS easily detectable by HST. The closest detected object lies 1″.8 from the XPS's nominal coordinates, with magnitudes R = 25.7, mF110W = 21.9, and mF100W = 20.6, and is a foreground, late-type star as suggested by Kaplan, Kulkarni, and Murray. We discuss the nature of the Cas A central compact object on the basis of these near-infrared and optical flux limits.

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