Near-surface in situ stress. 3. Correlation with microcrack fabric within the New Hampshire granites.

R. Plumb, James Terry Engelder, D. Yale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the correlation between near-surface in situ stress and the preferred orientation of microcracks at two quarries in the Milford granite and one quarry in the Conway granite, New Hampshire. The orientation of in situ stress was determined by overcoring doorstoppers and from the strike of induced borehole fractures produced by a pressurized packer. The preferred orientation of vertical microcracks was determined using ultrasonic measurements to determine P wave velocity Vp on core and in situ and from thin section analyses. In situ Vp anisotropy was determined from interborehole travel time data. At all three sites, directions of maximum compressive stress sigma 1 and induced borehole fractures are aligned with the preferred orientation of open microcracks determained from core Vp and thin section data. An analysis of the microcracking sequence within each pluton suggests 1) that the quarry grain resulted from cooling-induced thermal stresses and 2) a method of distinguishing the paleostress axes at the time of cooling from contemporary stress. -Authors Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., Columbia Univ, Palisades, New York, USA. English

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9350-9364
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume89
Issue numberB11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Palaeontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Near-surface in situ stress. 3. Correlation with microcrack fabric within the New Hampshire granites.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this