Neat methanol combustion in a D.I. diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs

William L. Mitchell, Thomas Litzinger, Domenic A. Santavicca

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enhancement of methanol combustion in a direct injected Diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs was examined for platinum and palladium catalysts and compared to a non-catalytic baseline case. Experiments were performed for 6 and 10 brake Kilowatts (bKW) at 2500 rpm. Comparisons were made based on combustion, performance, and emissions including carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), unburned hydrocarbons (UHC), unburned methanol (UBM), and aldehydes. Results show a decrease in glow plug temperature of 100 K is achievable using platinum catalysts, and 150 K for palladium. Furthermore, the palladium catalyst was found to provide better combustion characteristics than the platinum catalyst. Also, the use of both catalysts produced lower aldehyde emissions, and the palladium reduced NOx emissions as well. However, unburned methanol increased for both catalytic glow plugs with respect to the non-catalytic case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1991
EventInternational Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - Toronto, ON, Canada
Duration: Oct 7 1991Oct 10 1991

Other

OtherInternational Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition
CountryCanada
CityToronto, ON
Period10/7/9110/10/91

Fingerprint

Glow plugs
Diesel engines
Methanol
Palladium
Catalysts
Platinum
Aldehydes
Brakes
Carbon monoxide
Hydrocarbons
Nitrogen
Oxides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Mitchell, W. L., Litzinger, T., & Santavicca, D. A. (1991). Neat methanol combustion in a D.I. diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs. Paper presented at International Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Toronto, ON, Canada. https://doi.org/10.4271/912418
Mitchell, William L. ; Litzinger, Thomas ; Santavicca, Domenic A. / Neat methanol combustion in a D.I. diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs. Paper presented at International Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Toronto, ON, Canada.
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abstract = "Enhancement of methanol combustion in a direct injected Diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs was examined for platinum and palladium catalysts and compared to a non-catalytic baseline case. Experiments were performed for 6 and 10 brake Kilowatts (bKW) at 2500 rpm. Comparisons were made based on combustion, performance, and emissions including carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), unburned hydrocarbons (UHC), unburned methanol (UBM), and aldehydes. Results show a decrease in glow plug temperature of 100 K is achievable using platinum catalysts, and 150 K for palladium. Furthermore, the palladium catalyst was found to provide better combustion characteristics than the platinum catalyst. Also, the use of both catalysts produced lower aldehyde emissions, and the palladium reduced NOx emissions as well. However, unburned methanol increased for both catalytic glow plugs with respect to the non-catalytic case.",
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Mitchell, WL, Litzinger, T & Santavicca, DA 1991, 'Neat methanol combustion in a D.I. diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs', Paper presented at International Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Toronto, ON, Canada, 10/7/91 - 10/10/91. https://doi.org/10.4271/912418

Neat methanol combustion in a D.I. diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs. / Mitchell, William L.; Litzinger, Thomas; Santavicca, Domenic A.

1991. Paper presented at International Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Litzinger, Thomas

AU - Santavicca, Domenic A.

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N2 - Enhancement of methanol combustion in a direct injected Diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs was examined for platinum and palladium catalysts and compared to a non-catalytic baseline case. Experiments were performed for 6 and 10 brake Kilowatts (bKW) at 2500 rpm. Comparisons were made based on combustion, performance, and emissions including carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), unburned hydrocarbons (UHC), unburned methanol (UBM), and aldehydes. Results show a decrease in glow plug temperature of 100 K is achievable using platinum catalysts, and 150 K for palladium. Furthermore, the palladium catalyst was found to provide better combustion characteristics than the platinum catalyst. Also, the use of both catalysts produced lower aldehyde emissions, and the palladium reduced NOx emissions as well. However, unburned methanol increased for both catalytic glow plugs with respect to the non-catalytic case.

AB - Enhancement of methanol combustion in a direct injected Diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs was examined for platinum and palladium catalysts and compared to a non-catalytic baseline case. Experiments were performed for 6 and 10 brake Kilowatts (bKW) at 2500 rpm. Comparisons were made based on combustion, performance, and emissions including carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), unburned hydrocarbons (UHC), unburned methanol (UBM), and aldehydes. Results show a decrease in glow plug temperature of 100 K is achievable using platinum catalysts, and 150 K for palladium. Furthermore, the palladium catalyst was found to provide better combustion characteristics than the platinum catalyst. Also, the use of both catalysts produced lower aldehyde emissions, and the palladium reduced NOx emissions as well. However, unburned methanol increased for both catalytic glow plugs with respect to the non-catalytic case.

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Mitchell WL, Litzinger T, Santavicca DA. Neat methanol combustion in a D.I. diesel engine using catalytically coated glow plugs. 1991. Paper presented at International Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Toronto, ON, Canada. https://doi.org/10.4271/912418