NEET status among young Greeks

Association with mental health and substance use

Maria Basta, Stamatis Karakonstantis, Katerina Koutra, Vassilis Dafermos, Antonis Papargiris, Maria Drakaki, Stelios Tzagkarakis, Alexandros Vgontzas, Panagiotis Simos, Nikos Papadakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Prior studies have shown that young people “not in education, employment or training” (“NEET”) are at higher risk for psychopathology and substance abuse. Similar studies are lacking in Southern European populations. We aimed to examine the associations of anxiety and depressive symptoms, and substance use with NEET status in a large, randomized population-based sample in Greece. Methods: A telephone structured questionnaire was conducted in a representative sample of 2771 young Greeks aged 15–24 years. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed with GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scales, respectively. Substances use and several sociodemographic parameters were also examined. Results: In our sample 16.4% were NEETs. In multivariate analyses, NEETs compared to non-NEETs were older, with lower family income, without insurance and more likely to be married and smoke. Furthermore, NEET status was associated with a higher GAD-7 score among older NEETs and long-term NEETs (NEETs unemployed for more than a year). Moreover, being NEET among older participants was associated with severe symptoms of anxiety and moderate/severe symptoms of depression. Limitations: This was a telephone survey and a clinical evaluation of the patients was not performed. Furthermore, the structured interview was not designed to detect the level of substance use or the reasons for being NEET. Conclusions: NEET status is frequent among young Greeks. Older, and long-term NEETs appear to be at higher risk for presenting anxiety/depression symptoms. Whether NEET status is associated with adverse outcomes later in life requires longitudinal studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-217
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume253
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2019

Fingerprint

Mental Health Associations
Education
Anxiety
Depression
Telephone
Greece
Insurance
Psychopathology
Smoke
Population
Substance-Related Disorders
Longitudinal Studies
Multivariate Analysis
Interviews

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Basta, M., Karakonstantis, S., Koutra, K., Dafermos, V., Papargiris, A., Drakaki, M., ... Papadakis, N. (2019). NEET status among young Greeks: Association with mental health and substance use. Journal of Affective Disorders, 253, 210-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.095
Basta, Maria ; Karakonstantis, Stamatis ; Koutra, Katerina ; Dafermos, Vassilis ; Papargiris, Antonis ; Drakaki, Maria ; Tzagkarakis, Stelios ; Vgontzas, Alexandros ; Simos, Panagiotis ; Papadakis, Nikos. / NEET status among young Greeks : Association with mental health and substance use. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019 ; Vol. 253. pp. 210-217.
@article{0ac35003fbb24970b215e4faf94a19fe,
title = "NEET status among young Greeks: Association with mental health and substance use",
abstract = "Background: Prior studies have shown that young people “not in education, employment or training” (“NEET”) are at higher risk for psychopathology and substance abuse. Similar studies are lacking in Southern European populations. We aimed to examine the associations of anxiety and depressive symptoms, and substance use with NEET status in a large, randomized population-based sample in Greece. Methods: A telephone structured questionnaire was conducted in a representative sample of 2771 young Greeks aged 15–24 years. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed with GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scales, respectively. Substances use and several sociodemographic parameters were also examined. Results: In our sample 16.4{\%} were NEETs. In multivariate analyses, NEETs compared to non-NEETs were older, with lower family income, without insurance and more likely to be married and smoke. Furthermore, NEET status was associated with a higher GAD-7 score among older NEETs and long-term NEETs (NEETs unemployed for more than a year). Moreover, being NEET among older participants was associated with severe symptoms of anxiety and moderate/severe symptoms of depression. Limitations: This was a telephone survey and a clinical evaluation of the patients was not performed. Furthermore, the structured interview was not designed to detect the level of substance use or the reasons for being NEET. Conclusions: NEET status is frequent among young Greeks. Older, and long-term NEETs appear to be at higher risk for presenting anxiety/depression symptoms. Whether NEET status is associated with adverse outcomes later in life requires longitudinal studies.",
author = "Maria Basta and Stamatis Karakonstantis and Katerina Koutra and Vassilis Dafermos and Antonis Papargiris and Maria Drakaki and Stelios Tzagkarakis and Alexandros Vgontzas and Panagiotis Simos and Nikos Papadakis",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.095",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "253",
pages = "210--217",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Basta, M, Karakonstantis, S, Koutra, K, Dafermos, V, Papargiris, A, Drakaki, M, Tzagkarakis, S, Vgontzas, A, Simos, P & Papadakis, N 2019, 'NEET status among young Greeks: Association with mental health and substance use', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 253, pp. 210-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.095

NEET status among young Greeks : Association with mental health and substance use. / Basta, Maria; Karakonstantis, Stamatis; Koutra, Katerina; Dafermos, Vassilis; Papargiris, Antonis; Drakaki, Maria; Tzagkarakis, Stelios; Vgontzas, Alexandros; Simos, Panagiotis; Papadakis, Nikos.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 253, 15.06.2019, p. 210-217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - NEET status among young Greeks

T2 - Association with mental health and substance use

AU - Basta, Maria

AU - Karakonstantis, Stamatis

AU - Koutra, Katerina

AU - Dafermos, Vassilis

AU - Papargiris, Antonis

AU - Drakaki, Maria

AU - Tzagkarakis, Stelios

AU - Vgontzas, Alexandros

AU - Simos, Panagiotis

AU - Papadakis, Nikos

PY - 2019/6/15

Y1 - 2019/6/15

N2 - Background: Prior studies have shown that young people “not in education, employment or training” (“NEET”) are at higher risk for psychopathology and substance abuse. Similar studies are lacking in Southern European populations. We aimed to examine the associations of anxiety and depressive symptoms, and substance use with NEET status in a large, randomized population-based sample in Greece. Methods: A telephone structured questionnaire was conducted in a representative sample of 2771 young Greeks aged 15–24 years. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed with GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scales, respectively. Substances use and several sociodemographic parameters were also examined. Results: In our sample 16.4% were NEETs. In multivariate analyses, NEETs compared to non-NEETs were older, with lower family income, without insurance and more likely to be married and smoke. Furthermore, NEET status was associated with a higher GAD-7 score among older NEETs and long-term NEETs (NEETs unemployed for more than a year). Moreover, being NEET among older participants was associated with severe symptoms of anxiety and moderate/severe symptoms of depression. Limitations: This was a telephone survey and a clinical evaluation of the patients was not performed. Furthermore, the structured interview was not designed to detect the level of substance use or the reasons for being NEET. Conclusions: NEET status is frequent among young Greeks. Older, and long-term NEETs appear to be at higher risk for presenting anxiety/depression symptoms. Whether NEET status is associated with adverse outcomes later in life requires longitudinal studies.

AB - Background: Prior studies have shown that young people “not in education, employment or training” (“NEET”) are at higher risk for psychopathology and substance abuse. Similar studies are lacking in Southern European populations. We aimed to examine the associations of anxiety and depressive symptoms, and substance use with NEET status in a large, randomized population-based sample in Greece. Methods: A telephone structured questionnaire was conducted in a representative sample of 2771 young Greeks aged 15–24 years. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed with GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scales, respectively. Substances use and several sociodemographic parameters were also examined. Results: In our sample 16.4% were NEETs. In multivariate analyses, NEETs compared to non-NEETs were older, with lower family income, without insurance and more likely to be married and smoke. Furthermore, NEET status was associated with a higher GAD-7 score among older NEETs and long-term NEETs (NEETs unemployed for more than a year). Moreover, being NEET among older participants was associated with severe symptoms of anxiety and moderate/severe symptoms of depression. Limitations: This was a telephone survey and a clinical evaluation of the patients was not performed. Furthermore, the structured interview was not designed to detect the level of substance use or the reasons for being NEET. Conclusions: NEET status is frequent among young Greeks. Older, and long-term NEETs appear to be at higher risk for presenting anxiety/depression symptoms. Whether NEET status is associated with adverse outcomes later in life requires longitudinal studies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065081274&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065081274&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.095

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.095

M3 - Article

VL - 253

SP - 210

EP - 217

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

Basta M, Karakonstantis S, Koutra K, Dafermos V, Papargiris A, Drakaki M et al. NEET status among young Greeks: Association with mental health and substance use. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019 Jun 15;253:210-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.095