Neither Blood Culture Positivity nor Time to Positivity Is Associated with Mortality among Patients Presenting with Severe Manifestations of Sepsis: The FABLED Cohort Study

Katryn Paquette, David Sweet, Robert Stenstrom, Sarah N. Stabler, Alexander Lawandi, Murtaza Akhter, Adam C. Davidson, Marko Gavric, Rehman Jinah, Zahid Saeed, Koray Demir, Sassan Sangsari, Kelly Huang, Amirali Mahpour, Chris Shamatutu, Chelsea Caya, Jean Marc Troquet, Greg Clark, Titus Wong, Cedric P. YansouniMatthew P. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and health care costs worldwide. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, prospective cohort study evaluating the yield of blood cultures drawn before and after empiric antimicrobial administration among adults presenting to the emergency department with severe manifestations of sepsis. Enrolled patients who had the requisite blood cultures drawn were followed for 90 days. We explored the independent association between blood culture positivity and its time to positivity in relation to 90-day mortality. Results: Three hundred twenty-five participants were enrolled; 90-day mortality among the 315 subjects followed up was 25.4% (80/315). Mortality was associated with age (mean age [standard deviation] in those who died was 72.5 [15.8] compared with 62.9 [17.7] years among survivors; P <. 0001), greater Charlson Comorbidity Index (2 [interquartile range {IQR}, 1-3] vs 1 [IQR, 0-3]; P =. 008), dementia (13/80 [16.2%] vs 18/235 [7.7%]; P =. 03), cancer (27/80 [33.8%] vs 47/235 [20.0%]; P =. 015), positive quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (57/80 [71.2%] vs 129/235 [54.9%]; P =. 009), and normal white blood cell count (25/80 [31.2%] vs 42/235 [17.9%]; P =. 02). The presence of bacteremia, persistent bacteremia after antimicrobial infusion, and shorter time to blood culture positivity were not associated with mortality. Neither the source of infection nor pathogen affected mortality. Conclusions: Although severe sepsis is an inflammatory condition triggered by infection, its 90-day survival is not influenced by blood culture positivity nor its time to positivity. Clinical Trials Registration: NCT01867905.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberofab321
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology

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