Fanconi anemia (FA) is characterized by pancytopenia, congenital malformations, and susceptibility to malignancies. We describe a 31-year-old man with FA, who had undergone bone marrow transplantation and whole body irradiation at the age 17 years for FA. Fourteen years later, he presented with squamous cell carcinoma of the bronchus intermedius in the right lung. The tumor was located next to the main pulmonary artery and between the superior and inferior pulmonary veins. Two cycles of neoadjuvant therapy were given in an attempt to decrease tumor size and avoid a potential right pneumonectomy. Treatment consisted of a 21-day cycle with carboplatin (area under the curve 3) given on day 1 and gemcitabine (1250 mg/m) on day 1 and 8. Because FA cells are hypersensitive to DNA crosslinking agents, we reduced the carboplatin dose to minimize treatment-related toxicity. The tumor regressed sufficiently to permit performance of a right middle and lower lobectomy. In our case, neoadjuvant therapy with gemcitabine and low-dose carboplatin exhibited antitumor activity with manageable side-effects, suggesting that this chemotherapy regimen can be safely and effectively used in the treatment of NSCLC in FA patients who have achieved hematopoietic reconstitution after bone marrow transplantation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine