Neural signatures of child cognitive emotion regulation are bolstered by parental social regulation in two cultures

Sarah Myruski, Samantha Birk, Mayumi Karasawa, Aya Kamikubo, Midori Kazama, Hidemi Hirabayashi, Tracy Dennis-Tiwary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Caregiver impact on the efficacy of cognitive emotion regulation (ER; i.e. reappraisal) during childhood is poorly understood, particularly across cultures. We tested the hypothesis that in children from Japan and the USA, a neurocognitive signature of effective reappraisal, the late positive potential (LPP), will be bolstered by cognitive scaffolding by parents, and explored whether the two cultures differed in whether mere physical proximity of parents provides similar benefit. Five-to-seven-year-olds (N = 116; nJapan = 58; nUSA = 58) completed a directed reappraisal task (EEG-recorded) in one of three contexts: (i) parent-scaffolding, (ii) parent-present and (iii) parent-absent. Across cultures, those in the parent-scaffolding group and parent-present group showed effective reappraisal via the LPP relative to those in the parent-absent group. Results suggest that scaffolding is an effective method through which parents in these two cultures buttress child ER, and even parental passive proximity appears to have a meaningful effect on child ER across cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)947-956
Number of pages10
JournalSocial cognitive and affective neuroscience
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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