Neuropsychologic Detection of Abnormal Mental Decline in Older Persons

Paul Eslinger, Antonio R. Damasio, Arthur L. Benton, Maurice Van Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

183 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We conducted comprehensive neuropsychologic assessment in normal 60- to 88-year-old persons and in patients with dementia of various causes, matched for age and sex. Patients with dementia performed significantly poorer on tests of short-term memory, temporal orientation, visual perception, and language. Further data analysis, including multivariate classification procedures, identified a combination of three tests (Visual Retention, Controlled Oral Word Association, and Temporal Orientation) that in a cross-validation study correctly classified 89% of cases with a high degree of probability. Only 6.5% of cases were misclassified, while 4.5% were in a questionable, borderline category. The battery constituted by these three discriminating tests provides a brief, easily administered neuropsychologic screening instrument that may be used by a variety of health professionals for the detection of abnormal mental decline in older persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)670-674
Number of pages5
JournalJAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume253
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1985

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Dementia
Visual Perception
Validation Studies
Short-Term Memory
Language
Health
Retention (Psychology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Eslinger, Paul ; Damasio, Antonio R. ; Benton, Arthur L. ; Van Allen, Maurice. / Neuropsychologic Detection of Abnormal Mental Decline in Older Persons. In: JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association. 1985 ; Vol. 253, No. 5. pp. 670-674.
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Neuropsychologic Detection of Abnormal Mental Decline in Older Persons. / Eslinger, Paul; Damasio, Antonio R.; Benton, Arthur L.; Van Allen, Maurice.

In: JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 253, No. 5, 01.02.1985, p. 670-674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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