Neutrino oscillations, Lorentz/CPT violation, and dark energy

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Abstract

If dark energy (DE) couples to neutrinos, then there may be apparent violations of Lorentz/CPT invariance in neutrino oscillations. The DE-induced Lorentz/CPT violation takes a specific form that introduces neutrino oscillations that are energy independent, differ for particles and antiparticles, and can lead to novel effects for neutrinos propagating through matter. We show that ultra-high-energy neutrinos may provide one avenue to seek this type of Lorentz/CPT violation in νμ-ντ oscillations, improving the current sensitivity to such effects by 7 orders of magnitude. Lorentz/CPT violation in electron-neutrino oscillations may be probed with the zenith-angle dependence for high-energy atmospheric neutrinos. More compelling evidence for a DE-neutrino coupling would be provided by a dependence of neutrino oscillations on the direction of the neutrino momentum relative to our peculiar velocity with respect to the cosmic microwave background rest frame. While the amplitude of this directional dependence is expected to be small, it may nevertheless be worth seeking in current data and may be a target for future neutrino experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123522
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume80
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 17 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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