Neutron star structure in the presence of scalar fields

James P. Crawford, Demosthenes Kazanas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motivated by the possible presence of scalar fields on cosmological scales, suggested by the recent measurement of the deceleration parameter by supernovae surveys, we present models of neutron star structure under the assumption that a scalar field makes a significant contribution to the stress energy momentum tensor, in addition to that made by the normal matter. To that end we solve the coupled Einstein-scalar field-hydrostatic balance equations to compute the effect of the presence of the scalar field on the neutron star structure. We find that the presence of the scalar field does change the structure of the neutron star, especially in cases of strong coupling between the scalar field and the matter density. We present the neutron star radius as a function of the matter-scalar field coupling constant for different values of the neutron star central density. The presence of the scalar field does affect both the maximum neutron star mass and its radius, the latter increasing with the value of the above coupling constant. Our results can provide limits to the scalar field-matter coupling through spectro-temporal observations of accreting or isolated neutron stars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1701-1709
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume701
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

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neutron stars
scalars
hydrostatics
momentum
energy
radii
deceleration
supernovae
kinetic energy
tensors
effect
parameter

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Crawford, James P. ; Kazanas, Demosthenes. / Neutron star structure in the presence of scalar fields. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 701, No. 2. pp. 1701-1709.
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Neutron star structure in the presence of scalar fields. / Crawford, James P.; Kazanas, Demosthenes.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 701, No. 2, 01.01.2009, p. 1701-1709.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kazanas, Demosthenes

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