We have studied human melanoma cell (C8161) adhesion and migration in response to stimulation by soluble collagen IV (CIV) using a modified Boyden chamber. In this modified chamber, shear flow can be introduced over the cell-substrate interface, affecting tumor cell chemotactic migration through a microporous filter. A relatively high level of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was found on C8161 cells. In contrast, levels of β 2-integrins (e.g., LFA-1 and Mac-1), the molecules that would be necessary for C8161 stable adhesion to the endothelium substrate, were found to be very low on these melanoma cells. As a result, C8161 transendothelial migration under a flow condition of 4 dyn/cm2 decreased by 70% as compared to static migration. When human neutrophils (PMNs) were present in the tumor cell suspension, C8161 migration recovered by 85% over C8161 cells alone under the 4 dyn/cm2 flow condition. Blocking ICAM-1 on C8161 cells or Mac-1 on PMNs significantly inhibited C8161-PMN adhesion and subsequent C8161 migration through the endothelium under flow conditions. In addition, increased interleukin-8 production and Mac-1 expression by PMNs were detected when they were co-cultured with C8161 melanoma cells. These results suggest that transmigration of C8161 cells under flow conditions can be influenced by PMNs, mediated by Mac-1/ICAM-1 adhesive interactions and enhanced by altered cytokine production.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research