New genes associated with schizophrenia in neurite formation: A review of cell culture experiments

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New genes consistently associated with schizophrenia include NRG1, Akt, DISC-1 and dysbindin-1. Since these genes participate in neurotransmission, neuroplasticity and neurodevelopment it has not been easy to elucidate which of these roles are abnormal in patients with schizophrenia. Neurite formation is identified as a crucial stage in development, and it is proposed that a defect in neurite formation originating from abnormally encoded proteins by these new genes could be at least an in vitro marker that reflects the most consistent molecular and neuroanatomical findings in schizophrenia. A systematic review of the literature linking the process of neurite formation to genes with replicated evidence that supported their association with schizophrenia was conducted. In addition, an outline of the process of neurite formation was included. Neurite formation was shown to be induced by neuregulins, the product of the gene NRG1. The activation of Akt, a serine/threonine kinase, promoted neurite formation in six independent studies. Conversely, two studies found that Akt inhibits neurite outgrowth. Stronger evidence supporting an association with the new genes related to schizophrenia and neurite formation comes from DISC-1. Defects in DISC-1 protein were shown to directly alter the process of neurite formation. Dysbindin-1 has not yet been directly implicated in neurite outgrowth. These findings suggest that the proteins encoded by NRG1, Akt and DISC-1 are implicated in the process of neurite formation in cellular models as well as, at least in part, animal models during development. Abnormalities in this process could have potential etiologic implications for schizophrenia. Direct evidence, however, of abnormal neurite formation in patients with schizophrenia is still missing. Limitations to this model are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-629
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 2007

Fingerprint

Neurites
Schizophrenia
Cell Culture Techniques
Genes
Neuregulins
Neuregulin-1
Neuronal Plasticity
Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
Synaptic Transmission
Proteins
Animal Models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{03a9b664c8c546a9ab3adef80c8ce1a6,
title = "New genes associated with schizophrenia in neurite formation: A review of cell culture experiments",
abstract = "New genes consistently associated with schizophrenia include NRG1, Akt, DISC-1 and dysbindin-1. Since these genes participate in neurotransmission, neuroplasticity and neurodevelopment it has not been easy to elucidate which of these roles are abnormal in patients with schizophrenia. Neurite formation is identified as a crucial stage in development, and it is proposed that a defect in neurite formation originating from abnormally encoded proteins by these new genes could be at least an in vitro marker that reflects the most consistent molecular and neuroanatomical findings in schizophrenia. A systematic review of the literature linking the process of neurite formation to genes with replicated evidence that supported their association with schizophrenia was conducted. In addition, an outline of the process of neurite formation was included. Neurite formation was shown to be induced by neuregulins, the product of the gene NRG1. The activation of Akt, a serine/threonine kinase, promoted neurite formation in six independent studies. Conversely, two studies found that Akt inhibits neurite outgrowth. Stronger evidence supporting an association with the new genes related to schizophrenia and neurite formation comes from DISC-1. Defects in DISC-1 protein were shown to directly alter the process of neurite formation. Dysbindin-1 has not yet been directly implicated in neurite outgrowth. These findings suggest that the proteins encoded by NRG1, Akt and DISC-1 are implicated in the process of neurite formation in cellular models as well as, at least in part, animal models during development. Abnormalities in this process could have potential etiologic implications for schizophrenia. Direct evidence, however, of abnormal neurite formation in patients with schizophrenia is still missing. Limitations to this model are identified.",
author = "Alfredo Bellon",
year = "2007",
month = "7",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1038/sj.mp.4001985",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "620--629",
journal = "Molecular Psychiatry",
issn = "1359-4184",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7",

}

New genes associated with schizophrenia in neurite formation : A review of cell culture experiments. / Bellon, Alfredo.

In: Molecular Psychiatry, Vol. 12, No. 7, 23.07.2007, p. 620-629.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - New genes associated with schizophrenia in neurite formation

T2 - A review of cell culture experiments

AU - Bellon, Alfredo

PY - 2007/7/23

Y1 - 2007/7/23

N2 - New genes consistently associated with schizophrenia include NRG1, Akt, DISC-1 and dysbindin-1. Since these genes participate in neurotransmission, neuroplasticity and neurodevelopment it has not been easy to elucidate which of these roles are abnormal in patients with schizophrenia. Neurite formation is identified as a crucial stage in development, and it is proposed that a defect in neurite formation originating from abnormally encoded proteins by these new genes could be at least an in vitro marker that reflects the most consistent molecular and neuroanatomical findings in schizophrenia. A systematic review of the literature linking the process of neurite formation to genes with replicated evidence that supported their association with schizophrenia was conducted. In addition, an outline of the process of neurite formation was included. Neurite formation was shown to be induced by neuregulins, the product of the gene NRG1. The activation of Akt, a serine/threonine kinase, promoted neurite formation in six independent studies. Conversely, two studies found that Akt inhibits neurite outgrowth. Stronger evidence supporting an association with the new genes related to schizophrenia and neurite formation comes from DISC-1. Defects in DISC-1 protein were shown to directly alter the process of neurite formation. Dysbindin-1 has not yet been directly implicated in neurite outgrowth. These findings suggest that the proteins encoded by NRG1, Akt and DISC-1 are implicated in the process of neurite formation in cellular models as well as, at least in part, animal models during development. Abnormalities in this process could have potential etiologic implications for schizophrenia. Direct evidence, however, of abnormal neurite formation in patients with schizophrenia is still missing. Limitations to this model are identified.

AB - New genes consistently associated with schizophrenia include NRG1, Akt, DISC-1 and dysbindin-1. Since these genes participate in neurotransmission, neuroplasticity and neurodevelopment it has not been easy to elucidate which of these roles are abnormal in patients with schizophrenia. Neurite formation is identified as a crucial stage in development, and it is proposed that a defect in neurite formation originating from abnormally encoded proteins by these new genes could be at least an in vitro marker that reflects the most consistent molecular and neuroanatomical findings in schizophrenia. A systematic review of the literature linking the process of neurite formation to genes with replicated evidence that supported their association with schizophrenia was conducted. In addition, an outline of the process of neurite formation was included. Neurite formation was shown to be induced by neuregulins, the product of the gene NRG1. The activation of Akt, a serine/threonine kinase, promoted neurite formation in six independent studies. Conversely, two studies found that Akt inhibits neurite outgrowth. Stronger evidence supporting an association with the new genes related to schizophrenia and neurite formation comes from DISC-1. Defects in DISC-1 protein were shown to directly alter the process of neurite formation. Dysbindin-1 has not yet been directly implicated in neurite outgrowth. These findings suggest that the proteins encoded by NRG1, Akt and DISC-1 are implicated in the process of neurite formation in cellular models as well as, at least in part, animal models during development. Abnormalities in this process could have potential etiologic implications for schizophrenia. Direct evidence, however, of abnormal neurite formation in patients with schizophrenia is still missing. Limitations to this model are identified.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34347261359&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34347261359&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/sj.mp.4001985

DO - 10.1038/sj.mp.4001985

M3 - Review article

C2 - 17440437

AN - SCOPUS:34347261359

VL - 12

SP - 620

EP - 629

JO - Molecular Psychiatry

JF - Molecular Psychiatry

SN - 1359-4184

IS - 7

ER -