Coupling between frequency dynamics of the ac systems on both inverter and rectifier sides of the line-commutated converter HVDC with the rectifier station operating in frequency control is studied, along with the presence of large DFIG-based wind farms on the weak rectifier-side grid. An averaged model with 79 states, which includes dynamic models of grids on the rectifier and inverter sides, phase-locked loop, and the wind farm is derived. To develop a deeper understanding of the frequency dynamics, a simplified four-state nonlinear model is proposed, which, in turn, reveals strong coupling between frequency and ac voltage at the HVDC rectifier terminal. A firing angle correction strategy is proposed to decouple frequency-voltage interactions, thereby improving the frequency dynamics on the rectifier side. The four-state model is linearized to ascertain the interaction between rectifier- and inverter-side frequencies, and an analytical expression for the frequency dynamics in terms of gains of the frequency controller at the rectifier station is derived. Moreover, the proposed reduced-order model shows the implications of frequency droop control of the wind farms in improving frequency dynamics on both rectifier and inverter sides. Expressions for 'synchronizing' and 'damping torque' contribution from HVDC and wind farm are also established. The analytical expressions and the effectiveness of the proposed strategies are validated through nonlinear time-domain simulations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering