New polymeric cathode binders for microbial fuel cells

Tomonori Saito, Valerie Watson, Matthew D. Merrill, Michael A. Hickner, Bruce E. Logan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A microbial fuel cell (MFC) utilizes a bacteria-laden anode to liberate electrons from organic compounds. Electricity-generating bacteria reside abundantly in domestic wastewater, ocean sediments, animal wastes, etc., making MFC technology a renewable energy technology. In addition to the bacterial anode, the cathode plays a crucial role in MFC performance because of poor kinetics of oxygen reduction and the expensive materials typically used in cathode construction. Polymeric cathode binders with a range of ion contents were examined here for their performance in single chamber air-cathode MFCs. The cathode binder polymers are based on sulfonated poly(phenylsulfone) and therefore much less expensive than Nafion, the standard material used in MFC cathodes. Sulfonated poly(phenylsulfone) binders showed better or equivalent performance to standard Nafion-based cathodes. It is hypothesized that tuning the ion-content of the cathode binder polymer to match the ionic concentration in the MFC buffer can help increase the performance of MFC cathodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event238th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Aug 16 2009Aug 20 2009

Publication series

NameACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
ISSN (Print)0065-7727

Other

Other238th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period8/16/098/20/09

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
Binders
Cathodes
Bacteria
Anodes
Polymers
Ions
Organic compounds
Buffers
Sediments
Animals
Wastewater
Electricity
Tuning
Oxygen
Kinetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Saito, T., Watson, V., Merrill, M. D., Hickner, M. A., & Logan, B. E. (2009). New polymeric cathode binders for microbial fuel cells. In American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).
Saito, Tomonori ; Watson, Valerie ; Merrill, Matthew D. ; Hickner, Michael A. ; Logan, Bruce E. / New polymeric cathode binders for microbial fuel cells. American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2009. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).
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Saito, T, Watson, V, Merrill, MD, Hickner, MA & Logan, BE 2009, New polymeric cathode binders for microbial fuel cells. in American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 238th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009, Washington, DC, United States, 8/16/09.

New polymeric cathode binders for microbial fuel cells. / Saito, Tomonori; Watson, Valerie; Merrill, Matthew D.; Hickner, Michael A.; Logan, Bruce E.

American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2009. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - A microbial fuel cell (MFC) utilizes a bacteria-laden anode to liberate electrons from organic compounds. Electricity-generating bacteria reside abundantly in domestic wastewater, ocean sediments, animal wastes, etc., making MFC technology a renewable energy technology. In addition to the bacterial anode, the cathode plays a crucial role in MFC performance because of poor kinetics of oxygen reduction and the expensive materials typically used in cathode construction. Polymeric cathode binders with a range of ion contents were examined here for their performance in single chamber air-cathode MFCs. The cathode binder polymers are based on sulfonated poly(phenylsulfone) and therefore much less expensive than Nafion, the standard material used in MFC cathodes. Sulfonated poly(phenylsulfone) binders showed better or equivalent performance to standard Nafion-based cathodes. It is hypothesized that tuning the ion-content of the cathode binder polymer to match the ionic concentration in the MFC buffer can help increase the performance of MFC cathodes.

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Saito T, Watson V, Merrill MD, Hickner MA, Logan BE. New polymeric cathode binders for microbial fuel cells. In American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2009. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).