New structural patterns in moribund grammar: Case marking in heritage German

Lisa Yager, Nora Hellmold, Hyoun A. Joo, Michael T. Putnam, Eleonora Rossi, Catherine Stafford, Joseph Salmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Research treats divergences between monolingual and heritage grammars in terms of performance-'L1 attrition,' e.g., lexical retrieval-or competence-'incomplete acquisition', e.g., lack of overt tense markers (e.g., Polinsky, 1995; Sorace, 2004; Montrul, 2008; Schmid, 2010). One classic difference between monolingual and Heritage German is reduction in morphological case in the latter, especially loss of dative marking. Our evidence from several Heritage German varieties suggests that speakers have not merely lost case, but rather developed innovative structures to mark it. More specifically, Heritage German speakers produce dative forms in line with established patterns of Differential Object Marking (Bossong, 1985, 1991; Aissen, 2003), suggesting a reallocated mapping of case. We take this as evidence for innovative reanalysis in heritage grammars (Putnam and Sánchez, 2013). Following Kamp and Reyle (1993) and Wechsler (2011, 2014), the dative adopts a more indexical discourse function, forging a tighter connection between morphosyntax and semantic properties. Moribund grammars deploy linguistic resources in novel ways, a finding which can help move us beyond simple narratives of 'attrition' and 'incomplete acquisition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1716
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume6
Issue numberNOV
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

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    Yager, L., Hellmold, N., Joo, H. A., Putnam, M. T., Rossi, E., Stafford, C., & Salmons, J. (2015). New structural patterns in moribund grammar: Case marking in heritage German. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(NOV), [1716]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01716