New tobermorite cation exchangers

Sridhar Komarneni, Della M. Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tobermorite minerals, calcium silicate hydrates substituted with Al3+ and alkali, exhibit cation exchange and selectivity properties. The total cation exchange capacities of the Al3+ and alkali substituted tobermorites synthesized here range from 128 to 197 meq per 100g. These substituted tobermorites also have high selectivity for caesium and rubidium. For examples, a tobermorite synthesized from Na2SiO3, AlCl3 and CaO has a caesium adsorption coefficient Kd of 7200 while another one synthesized from a zeolite and CaO has a caesium adsorption Kd of 12 850 in 0.02N CaCl2 containing 0.0002N CsCl. Pure tobermorites and tobermorites with only Al3+ substitution do not exhibit much cation exchange capacity or selectivity because of cation hydration effects and steric factors of tobermorites. The cation exchange and selectivity properties of the Al3+ and alkali substituted tobermorites fall between those of clay minerals and zeolites. Unlike clay minerals and zeolites, the new group of cation exchangers is expected to be thermodynamically stable in cement and concrete which have a similar chemical composition. Therefore, the new cation exchangers will be suitable for inexpensive solidification in cement after their use, for example, in decontamination of caesium from low-level nuclear wastes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2930-2936
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1985

Fingerprint

exchangers
Ion exchangers
Cations
Positive ions
cations
Cesium
cesium
Zeolites
Ion exchange
selectivity
Alkalies
alkalies
minerals
cements
Clay minerals
zeolites
clays
Cements
calcium silicates
Adsorption

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Komarneni, Sridhar ; Roy, Della M. / New tobermorite cation exchangers. In: Journal of Materials Science. 1985 ; Vol. 20, No. 8. pp. 2930-2936.
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New tobermorite cation exchangers. / Komarneni, Sridhar; Roy, Della M.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 20, No. 8, 01.08.1985, p. 2930-2936.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Tobermorite minerals, calcium silicate hydrates substituted with Al3+ and alkali, exhibit cation exchange and selectivity properties. The total cation exchange capacities of the Al3+ and alkali substituted tobermorites synthesized here range from 128 to 197 meq per 100g. These substituted tobermorites also have high selectivity for caesium and rubidium. For examples, a tobermorite synthesized from Na2SiO3, AlCl3 and CaO has a caesium adsorption coefficient Kd of 7200 while another one synthesized from a zeolite and CaO has a caesium adsorption Kd of 12 850 in 0.02N CaCl2 containing 0.0002N CsCl. Pure tobermorites and tobermorites with only Al3+ substitution do not exhibit much cation exchange capacity or selectivity because of cation hydration effects and steric factors of tobermorites. The cation exchange and selectivity properties of the Al3+ and alkali substituted tobermorites fall between those of clay minerals and zeolites. Unlike clay minerals and zeolites, the new group of cation exchangers is expected to be thermodynamically stable in cement and concrete which have a similar chemical composition. Therefore, the new cation exchangers will be suitable for inexpensive solidification in cement after their use, for example, in decontamination of caesium from low-level nuclear wastes.

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