Ni 3N compound layers produced by gaseous nitriding of nickel substrates; Layer growth, macrostresses and intrinsic elastic anisotropy

Andreas Leineweber, Franziska Lienert, Shun Li Shang, Zi Kui Liu, Eric Jan Mittemeijer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ni3N was prepared by gaseous nitriding of nickel substrates using gas mixtures of high nitrogen activities, composed of NH 3 and H2 at 1 atm and at temperatures between 175 °C and 550 °C. At least above 300 °C closed Ni3N layers developed, which possess distinct compressive macrostrain parallel to the surface. The observed hkl-anisotropy of the macrostrain could be ascribed to the elastic anisotropy as indicated by the single-crystal elastic constants of Ni 3N obtained from first-principles calculations performed in this work. The macrostress originates from the thermal misfit between layer and substrate, developing upon cooling. The extent of macrostress is reduced by partial misfit accommodation by plastic deformation as well as by porosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1531-1541
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 14 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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