Nitrogen export from a watershed subjected to partial salvage logging.

Maria Herrmann, W. E. Sharpe, D. R. DeWalle, B. R. Swistock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Logging has been shown to induce nitrogen (N) leaching. We hypothesized that logging a watershed that previously exhibited forest decline symptoms would place additional stress on the ecosystem and result in greater N loss, compared to harvesting vigorous forests. We conducted a 10-year (1988 to 1998) assessment of N export from the Baldwin Creek watershed in southwestern Pennsylvania that was partially clearcut to salvage dead and dying northern red oak. N export from the watershed increased significantly following salvage logging operations and did not completely return to prelogging levels by the end of the study period. The largest annual NO3-N export of 13 kg/ha was observed during the first year after harvesting, an increase of approximately 10 kg/ha. Compared to data from other Appalachian Mountain watersheds in North Carolina, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania, calculated N loss for Baldwin Creek was considerably greater. Longer periods of reduced N uptake due to slow revegetation of salvage logged areas, coupled with increased amounts of N available to leaching, could have accounted for the large N losses observed for Baldwin Creek. Salvage logging of dead and dying trees from forested watersheds in this region appears to have the potential to result in much larger N losses than previously reported for harvest of healthy stands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-448
Number of pages9
JournalTheScientificWorldJournal
Volume1 Suppl 2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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    Herrmann, M., Sharpe, W. E., DeWalle, D. R., & Swistock, B. R. (2001). Nitrogen export from a watershed subjected to partial salvage logging. TheScientificWorldJournal, 1 Suppl 2, 440-448.