NITROGEN EXTRACTABILITY AND MOISTURE ADSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUNFLOWER SEED PRODUCTS

A. KILARA, E. S. HUMBERT, F. W. SOSULSKI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diffusion‐extracted (DE) sunflower meal and protein isolate were compared with untreated samples for their nitrogen extractability and moisture adsorption. Nitrogen extractability values of 90% were found at pH 7 or above in the untreated meal, whereas a maximum solubility of only 70% was achieved at pH 9.0 in the DE meal prepared at 60°C. DE meal prepared at 80°C had low solubility over a pH range of 1–11 which indicated substantial denaturation of the sunflower proteins. The untreated isolate showed a sharp minimum solubility point in contrast to the law solubility of the DE isolate over a pH range of 3–7. Moisture adsorption values for the samples held at 5, 20 and 30°C indicated little difference in moisture contents at relative humidities of 11–55%. At higher levels, however, the untreated meal adsorbed more moisture than the DE meal. A reverse trend was noticed for the isolates as the moisture content of the DE isolate was higher than the untreated sample. The rate of moisture uptake by sunflower kernels was slower than that observed with rapeseed or soybean meats and lower total moisture contents were observed after a 4 hr soaking period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-773
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Food Science
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1972

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'NITROGEN EXTRACTABILITY AND MOISTURE ADSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUNFLOWER SEED PRODUCTS'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this