Ruthenium catalysts with bulky ligands are particularly effective for diene isomerization reactions. Thermodynamics and the mechanism of RuHCl(CO)(PPh3)3 catalyzed 1,4-cyclohexadiene isomerization was probed experimentally through NMR spectroscopy and modeled theoretically using DFT and for the first time using ONIOM methods. Thermodynamics data (DH, DS and DG) measured by NMR experiments agree with the literature reported values. For theoretically obtained DH values, it was found MP2 method underestimates the enthalpy changes, RHF method overestimates them and DFT method behaves best among the three. Theoretical modeling of the mechanism of the isomerization reaction provided significant insight into the role of steric and electronic effects of the catalyst. A two-step decomposition analysis was carried out to separate steric and electronic effects induced by phenyl ligands of catalyst. It was shown that the steric effect decreases activation barriers, while the electronic effect increases the activation barriers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry