Surface liming will prevent the formation of an ‘acid roof’ on the surface of soil cropped in no-till corn (Zea mays L.). A study was begun in 1985 to determine the effectiveness of unincorporated liming in raising pH in no-till soil which had developed significant acidity throughout the upper 15 cm. Lime was applied at 0, 3.36, 6.72 and 10.08 Mg ha−1. All lime was applied on 26 April 1985 and was not incorporated. The preliming pH at 0–5 cm below the surface was 4.5; after two months the pH was raised to 5.6, 5.8, and 6.0 by 3.36, 6.72 and 10.08 Mg ha−1 of lime, respectively. After 19 months soil-pH was raised to 6.0, 6.4 and 6.6 by liming at 3.36, 6.72 and 10.08 Mg ha−1 respectively. Soil-pH below 5 cm was not affected by any rate of lime during the first 19 months after liming. Tissue analysis of corn ear leaves indicated that calcium uptake was increased significantly by lime in 1985, while manganese uptake was significantly reduced. In 1986, increases in calcium were greater than in 1985 and addtional significant reduction in manganese uptake was accompanied by significantly reduced zinc and copper uptake. In both 1985 and 1986, a trend toward lower average corn grain yield in unlimed plots than in limed plots was noted, but the yield increases due to lime were not statistically significant in either year. This study will be continued as a long term investigation of lime penetration into no-till soil and response of corn to soil-pH changes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Soil Science