The diffusion kinetics of He and Ne in four amphibole specimens have been experimentally determined using stepwise degassing analysis of samples previously irradiated with energetic protons, and Arrhenius relationships have been fit to these data. The primary finding is that He and Ne diffusivities are systematically lower in amphiboles that have higher concentrations of unoccupied ring sites, suggesting that unoccupied ring sites act as traps for migrating noble gases. Ring site influence of noble gas diffusivity in amphiboles has substantial implications for 40Ar/39Ar thermochronology applied to these phases and the efficiency of noble gas recycling in subduction zones. These findings are consistent with the correlation between noble gas solubility and the concentration of unoccupied ring sites in amphibole (Jackson et al., 2013a, 2015) but are inconsistent with the ionic porosity model for noble gas diffusion (Fortier and Giletti, 1989; Dahl, 1996). Rather, these findings suggest that the topology of ionic porosity and absolute volume of ionic porosity compete in determining the rate at which noble gases diffuse.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geochemistry and Petrology